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5 things you didn't know about game show prizes ... unless you've won one

Tue, 2015-01-20 08:00

Congratulations! You've just won a ton of money and prizes on a game show.

But before you redraw your floor plans to accommodate those new kitchen appliances you won, consider the following:

1. The show may substitute cash for some of your prizes.

The video above shows just one way I got lucky when I won on "The Price is Right" back in 2010. I was quite pleasantly surprised, but still confused, when I was handed my prize paperwork. I discovered that instead of the three-month virtual assistant service, among other things, I had just won in my "Showcase Showdown," I was getting the cash value instead.

On my prize sheet, certain prizes are labeled "C-I-L": cash in lieu. I wasn't given the option to receive the actual prize instead, and I couldn't trade one of the other prizes I won for their cash value, either.

As Art Alisi explains, that's because the show buys some of their prizes — and there's a way to tell if they did, if you listen closely during the show. "When they say, I’m just gonna say Goodyear tires [as an example], 'You've won a set of Goodyear tires, from the number one store, Goodyear,' then you know that was promoted. If they just said you won a wonderful set of rubber tires, they bought it. So it’s just as easy for them to give you the cash."

Again, not that I'm complaining.

2. Reruns once meant more gifts.

One thing should be made abundantly clear: If your show airs as a rerun during the off-season, you don't get paid a second time.

"Jeopardy!," among many other shows, used to give sponsored parting gifts to departing contestants – the classic Rice-A-Roni comes to mind. They don't do that anymore. My "parting gifts" from "Jeopardy!" amounted to a tote bag, a T-shirt and a glass frame for my photo with Alex Trebek.

When Jerome Vered played in the 1992 Tournament of Champions, he finished in third place and received the announced third-place parting gifts in addition to his runner-up prize of $7,500. What he didn't realize was that when his tournament games aired again over the summer, the show changed the fee plugs at the end of the episode.

"So about a month later, as a loser, I get this huge package from "Jeopardy!" of all these ... left-handed toothbrushes and all these other things they were giving away. I got a whole 'nother set, like a residual, but I didn’t actually get my money again."

These days, all you get for a rerun is a second chance to record your episode.

3. You don't receive your winnings immediately.

You don't get to drive off the set in the new car you just won, nor do they immediately pay you any money you win once you step off the stage. It usually takes between 90 and 150 days to receive your prizes.

Alisi says the prize department needs to verify that you are indeed who you say you are when you go on the show....

Alisi says: "I had one where someone told me he was an admiral, and the FBI came in and wanted to know where we found this man. And they told us, 'He’s not an admiral, he’s been impersonating an admiral for 30 years.' They arrested him, and whatever he won, they took away."

.. .and to make sure you've paid your taxes on your prizes. In the case of "The Price is Right," out-of-state contestants like me have to pay California state taxes before accepting any prize. "Let's say you're in Illinois, and we sent the prizes, and you didn't pay the taxes," Alisi says. "We're liable to pay those taxes. So we make sure you've paid the state taxes before we deliver the prizes."

Once a prize is won, the show contacts the appropriate prize supplier to let them know they'll need to save an extra – let's just say –desk chair for the lucky contestant. "We have to notify the prize providers to say that they’re going to be on the show, and then we send them another certification saying you have 90 days to send the gift," says Alisi.

4. The show isn't the only entity paying out prize money. 

Prizes for our second and third place contestants provided by Aleve.

Photo courtesy of Sony Pictures Television

Call it a sneaky way to get in some additional advertising, but in the case of the above photo, Aleve will actually cut the runners-up a check for the standard second- and third-place prize.

You see it elsewhere, too. When "Wheel of Fortune" used to have the "Jackpot Round," which would be prefaced by a short plug for the round's sponsor. The arrangement with the show was similar to that of the Aleve plug "Jeopardy!" uses today, but with a significant difference. 

Photo courtesy of Sony Pictures Television

Aleve pays out $3,000 an episode, because, unless something strange happens, every show will have someone finishing in both second and third place. However, the sponsor of the "Jackpot Round," says former prize coordinator Adam Nedeff, only had to pay out when the jackpot was won. If it wasn't won, which was most of the time, the sponsor effectively got a free commercial. 

But suppose there was a week when the Jackpot was won every time it was offered. Nedeff says the sponsor only was responsible for paying three of those Jackpots; "Wheel" would pay the rest, and the sponsor would get the free commercial on those nights anyway.

"That was the best way to get the sales pitch," Nedeff says, "because the sponsor of that round is getting a fantastic deal. It’s not, 'Hey, it’s "Wheel of Fortune," it’s this fantastic show that all of America is watching,' it’s, 'You are getting a really, really cheap commercial here.'”

5. Trips aren't always worth as much as the show says they're worth.

It's no secret that game show winners are taxed on whatever they win, and the amount of taxes a contestant has to pay partly depends on the value of the prizes they win.

In the case of trip prizes, though, the value announced on the show may be different from what the player is actually taxed on, because the value announced on the show reflects the price of the trip during the sponsoring hotel's peak season.

"One of the things we have to hammer home is that we have to honor blackout dates," says Nedeff. "A lot of places do not want to offer a trip that’s going to be redeemed during Thanksgiving or Christmas weeks, because that’s the week when the big money is coming in for the hotels."

Contestant paperwork explicitly states that winners of trips have up to 365 days following their airdate to redeem their prize, so the value of the trip can fluctuate depending on when the trip is taken.

"If the person actually did redeem the trip, we would find out what the comparable rate would have been for the time of year that they were staying there," says Nedeff. "And when it came time to pay the taxes for their prizes, the contestant was only taxed on what they would have paid during the offseason."

Quiz: Schools where the underprivileged are few

Tue, 2015-01-20 06:08

After being publicly ridiculed, this college says it will double its share of low-income undergrads.

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PODCAST: Faster, supercomputer! Faster!

Tue, 2015-01-20 03:00

Some context on what the President might say tonight in regards to college tuition. Plus, Fidelity will reportedly lead the creation of a new private, stock trading venue, otherwise known as a dark pool. More on that. And Tennessee's Oak Ridge National Laboratory may once again be home to the world's fastest supercomputer. Its current machine was the fastest when it went live in 2012. That title only lasted six months - then a computer in China took the top spot. But the U.S. recently put aside more $400 million to keep itself in the race.

The unending race to make the fastest supercomputer

Tue, 2015-01-20 02:00

Tennessee’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory may once again be home to the world’s fastest supercomputer. It held the title in 2012, but only kept it for six months — then a computer in China took the top spot. But the U.S. recently put aside more than $400 million to stay in the race.

The supercomputer at Oak Ridge, called Titan, is the size of a basketball court and sounds like a jet engine. It can make 27 quadrillion — that’s 27 followed by 15 zeros — calculations per second.

“It’s almost like it’s alive,” says Buddy Bland, director of the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility. “It has a pulse to it. You can feel it in your body when you walk in the room.”

These kinds of machines are used to do incredibly complex simulations of real-world things, such as analyzing weather patterns over time or predicting new chemical combinations in drugs. Faster computers mean more scientific breakthroughs.

Like any computer, whether it's a Titan or your personal laptop, it will be basically obsolete in a few years, Bland says.

“Because we can go out and buy a new machine for less than it costs to pay the maintenance of the old machine,” he says.

The U.S. has been a leader in supercomputing for decades, and staying up-to-date and ahead of the pack is pricy. Oak Ridge’s next computer, called Summit, could cost up to $280 million.

Yet Congress has funded supercomputing with gusto. In November, the Department of Energy pledged $425 million to help build Summit and a computer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., says it’s a priority that stretches across party lines.

“This is a case where the Obama administration and I and others in Congress since 2008 have had the same goal: We wanted double funding for supercomputing,” he says.

Alexander gives two reasons: First, national security — some federally funded machines manage the country’s nuclear weapons.

Second, private companies can apply for time on the computers to develop products more quickly. For example, Procter and Gamble has used Oak Ridge’s Titan to research how  skin might react to its products.

And then there’s something that has nonmonetary value: pride.

“It’s like being number one in football,” Alexander says. “We like the idea of having the fastest supercomputer in the world, and we have had that at Oak Ridge.”

Summit is expected to go live in 2017, but Oak Ridge isn’t calling it the fastest yet — by that time, some other country may be building one that’s even faster.

 

Closing the loophole on a tax advantage

Tue, 2015-01-20 02:00

On Tuesday, President Barack Obama will urge what is now a Republican senate and a Republican house to dump what the President sees as a loophole that allows the wealthiest of American families to pass on a big tax advantage to their heirs.

Along with raising capital gains taxes for some in the higher brackets, the idea is to use the money to let low income people keep $500 a year of their money when both spouses work, and among other things, to help families with under five years olds pay for child care. But let's start with a closer look at this trust fund business.  

Click the media player above to hear finance reporter David Cay Johnston in conversation with Marketplace Morning Report host David Brancaccio.

Can community colleges cope with being free?

Tue, 2015-01-20 02:00

President Barack Obama is expected to give a big boost to community colleges in his State of the Union address Tuesday night. The President has proposed making tuition at two-year public colleges free for students in good standing. If the proposal passes Congress—and that’s a big if—can community colleges handle a surge in students?  

Click the media player above to hear more.

The race to make the fastest supercomputer

Tue, 2015-01-20 02:00

Tennessee’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory may once again be home to the world’s fastest supercomputer. It was in 2012, but that title only lasted six months — then a computer in China took the top spot. But the U.S. recently put aside more than $400 million to keep itself in the race.

The supercomputer at Oak Ridge right now, called Titan, is the size of a basketball court and sounds like a jet engine. It can make 27 quadrillion — that’s 27 followed by 15 zeros — calculations per second.

“It’s almost like it’s alive,” says Buddy Bland, director of the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility. “It has a pulse to it. You can feel it in your body when you walk in the room.”

These kinds of machines are used to do incredibly complex simulations of real-world things, such as analyzing weather patterns over time or predicting new chemical combinations in drugs. Faster computers mean more scientific breakthroughs.

But Bland says like any computer, whether it’s Titan or your personal laptop, will be basically obsolete in a few years.

“Because we can go out and buy a new machine for less than it costs to pay the maintenance of the old machine,” he says.

The U.S. has been a leader in supercomputing for decades, and staying up-to-date and ahead of the pack is pricy. Oak Ridge’s next computer, called Summit, could cost up to $280 million.

Yet Congress has funded supercomputing with gusto. In November, the Department of Energy pledged $425 million to help build Summit and a computer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.) says it’s a priority that stretches across party lines.

“This is a case where the Obama administration and I and others in Congress since 2008 have had the same goal: We wanted to double funding for supercomputing,” he says.

Alexander gives two reasons: First, national security — some federally funded machines manage the country’s nuclear weapons.

Second, private companies can apply for time on the computers to develop products more quickly. For example, Procter and Gamble has used Oak Ridge’s Titan to research how the skin might react to its products.

And then there’s something that has non-monetary value: pride.

“It’s like being number one in football,” Alexander says. “We like the idea of having the fastest supercomputer in the world, and we have had that at Oak Ridge.”

Summit is expected to go live in 2017, but Oak Ridge isn’t calling it the fastest yet — By that time, some other country may be building one that’s even faster.

 

Gasoline prices are all over the map

Tue, 2015-01-20 02:00

You hear about the average national gasoline price, but it’s often different from the station down the block. So why are prices so inconsistent from station to station, not to mention state to state?

A gallon of gasoline costs about 50 percent more in New York than Missouri. Taxes vary by as much as 35 cents a gallon, according to the American Petroleum Institute. Geography plays a role, too. States like Missouri and Oklahoma are near lots of refineries, and those refineries have pipeline access to cheaper crude supplies from the U.S. and Canada. Finally, state and local regulations produce many different varieties of gasoline, with different ethanol blends, octane requirements and emissions standards. 

 

Disappointing economic growth in China

Tue, 2015-01-20 01:30
7.4 percent

With a low not seen in a quarter century, China's economic growth dropped to 7.4 percent in 2014. As reported by the WSJ, some economists predict that disappointing numbers from 2014 are just the start of a global deceleration of growth.

2,000

That's about how many times Ronald Reagan used the word "freedom" for every million words in his State of the Union addresses, the Atlantic reported. He also lead the pack on "god." The Atlantic has an automatic tool showing frequently-used words by president.

50 percent

You may have noticed disparities in gas prices from station to station, but what about state to state? For example, a gallon of gasoline costs about 50 percent more in New York than Missouri. Turns out, there's a lot of factors that play into why you'll pay more or less for a tank of gas in different states.

46 percent

President Barack Obama's approval rating heading into Tuesday's State of the Union address. It's a bump up from the past year, the New York Times' Upshot reported, and it'll become more important in the homestretch of Obama's second term and looking to Democrats chances in 2016.

27 quadrillion

That’s 27 followed by 15 zeros, and it's also the number of calculations per second the Titan supercomputer at Tennessee’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory can compute. And it's not even the fastest in the world. That title is currently held by a supercomputer in China. It's why Congress has begun funding supercomputing with gusto, pledging over $400 million to building Oak Ridge's next supercomputer.

80

That's how many of the world's richest people it would take to match the collective wealth of the poorer half of the population, Quartz reported. That's a sharp drop from 2010, when you would have needed 388 super-rich to do the same.

 

Want to track a snowplow? There's an app for that.

Mon, 2015-01-19 11:22

When a couple of inches of snow fell a few weeks ago in Washington, D.C., the new mayor took some heat – as mayors often do – for the poor condition of the city streets.

Now Chicago, New York and Seattle are among the cities to have smartphone apps that can be used to track snowplows in real time using GPS data, according to an AP report.

It is "a way to show skeptics that plow drivers are working hard and not just clearing the streets of the wealthy and well-connected," the report says.

But the data can be misleading. One woman in Chicago said the app indicated a snowplow had gone down her street. It had ... but the plow had its blade up.

The rich get richer, with no end in sight

Mon, 2015-01-19 11:12

In a new report, Oxfam says that by 2016, the wealthiest 1% of people may control more than 50% of the world's wealth.

Inequality has proven to be a durable and thorny problem, and economists are divided over how to tackle it. Some argue for the "redistribution" of wealth, in the form of higher taxes on the rich, or increased subsidies for the poor.

Some say it's better to tackle the root causes of inequality, like the millions of Americans stuck in low-wage jobs. They argue that better education and training are needed to prepare workers for better-paid jobs in science and technology.

Others, meanwhile, argue there's no problem. And while politicians and experts debate the issue, inequality is likely to grow.

How Obama plans to tax the biggest banks

Mon, 2015-01-19 11:11

President Obama will address both houses of Congress and the American people Tuesday to discuss the State of the Union.

The address is expected to touch on tax reform, including new tax credits for families with two working parents; bigger, simpler tax credits for child care, college and retirement; and a plan to pay for it all with higher taxes on what the administration calls the "wealthiest." That includes the wealthiest people, with tax hikes on capital gains and inheritances, but also the wealthiest financial institutions: Those with at least $50 billion in assets.

More specifically, it's a tax on bank debt. Stanford professor of economics and finance Anat Admati explains this could help push back perverse incentives in the current tax code, which encourage banks to do business with borrowed money. But it's an approach that has been proposed before, as recently as 2010 when it was called the "Financial Crisis Responsibility Fee." It failed back then, and Joel Slemrod, professor of economics and director of the Office of Tax Policy Research at the University of Michigan, says with Republicans in charge of Congress, it doesn't have a chance.

 

Momentum builds to repeal medical device tax

Mon, 2015-01-19 11:09

In Washington, momentum may be building to repeal an important funding source for the Affordable Care Act – a 2.3 percent sales tax on an array of medical devices – everything from surgical gloves to artificial joints.

The industry has raised an army to battle the provision on Capitol Hill and spent more than $200 million since 2008 on the effort.

The manufacturers’ campaign is just the latest example of why it’s hard to reform an industry that’s crying out for change.

The daily rituals of creative people

Mon, 2015-01-19 05:41

There are only 24 hours in a day, but it sure seems like certain people are able to do way more with their time than the rest of us. Some of us barely have time to do the laundry, while others write plays or compose symphonies. 

Mason Currey writes about 161 creative minds, among them are painters, composers, philosophers and poets, in his book, "Daily Rituals: How Artists Work." He finds that many of these artists and geniuses accomplished so much each day because they used their time wisely and efficiently, and practiced rituals.

"People would find that a certain habit was associated with a period of productivity or great insight and they would often, kind of relentlessly stick to that one ritual in a sort of superstitious fashion believing that it somehow enabled their creativity," Currey says.

PODCAST: The World Economic Forum

Mon, 2015-01-19 03:00

It's the time of year when our January mood is lifted by the notion that other people are having a nice conference near the ski slopes in Switzerland. The annual world economic forum is convening in Davos at a time that the U.S. has been resurgent when other key economies are losing steam. Plus, a conversation with one of America's top entrepreneurs on the challenges that face female CEOs. And later this year, the US and the UK are set to conduct cyber war games with each other. It'll test the hardiness of the financial sector. More on that.

Growth industry: Preparing for a cyber attack

Mon, 2015-01-19 02:00

The U.S. and the U.K. plan to conduct cyber war-game exercises with each other later this year through a staged attack on the financial sector. The move is a first for the two countries even though simulated attacks are used often in private industry when companies concerned about becoming targets of hackers look to bolster their digital defenses. But the goals of businesses and nations differ.

"The government is more interested in infiltration and defensiveness than it is about process or remediation," says Joe Loomis, CEO of CyberSponse.

According to Loomis, the list of things private companies test for during cyber-attack simulations includes deciding what to do first after an attack, figuring out what data should be collected, determining how people in the company will communicate and checking to see if the network is compromised.

While cyber security is a growth industry, not enough businesses are running simulations, Loomis says.

"Companies have been doing terribly because they haven't been testing," says Bruce Schneier, chief technology officer of Co3 Systems. "Companies are realizing that this has been a hole in their security."

Global spending on information security is expected to grow 8 percent this year to $77 billion, according to research firm Gartner. The cost of digital crime is estimated in the hundreds of billions of dollars, according to the Center for Strategic & International Studies in Washington, D.C.

Resurgent U.S. economy to star at global summit

Mon, 2015-01-19 02:00

The global corporate and political elite descend upon Davos, Switzerland, once again Wednesday for the annual economic summit.

This year, much of the talk will focus on the resurgent U.S. economy. The World Bank’s top economist has called it the “single engine” in the global economy.

Still, Adam Posen, president of the Peterson Institute of International Economics in Washington, D.C., says this year the American economy is simply winning a global “least ugly contest.”

Click the media player above to hear more.

Addressing the obstacles facing female CEOs

Mon, 2015-01-19 02:00

From time to time, one of America's top entrepreneurs stops in — Jules Pieri is CEO of the Grommet, a site that helps launch other companies' new products.

Pieri joined us to talk about obstacles facing female CEOs; why they suffer higher rates of depression, and how to combat the statistic.

Click the media player above to hear more.

Davos participants gather amidst turmoil and growth

Mon, 2015-01-19 02:00

The global corporate and political elite descend upon Davos once again Wednesday, for the annual economic summit.

This year, much of the talk will focus on the resurgent U.S. economy. The World Bank’s top economist has called it the “single engine” in the global economy.

Still, Adam Posen, president of the Peterson Institute of International Economics, says this year the American economy is simply winning a global “least ugly contest.”

Click the media player above to hear more.

So, who's behind the online black market Silk Road?

Mon, 2015-01-19 02:00

Ross Ulbricht, the alleged mastermind behind Silk Road — the online marketplace that used bitcoin for transactions — is on trial this week. Ulbricht’s defense: he was set up by the real Dread Pirate Roberts or DPR, the site’s mysterious founder and administrator.

Who would that be? Mark Karpeles, according to the defense. That’s the former owner of Mt. Gox, a bitcoin exchange that went bankrupt in 2014.

Sarah Jeong, a tech policy journalist who has been writing about the case, says the defense is leaning on the fact that Karpeles had been a prime suspect at one point. She also says Jared Der-Yeghiayan, the agent from the Department of Homeland Security who arrested Ulbricht, is the one who suspected Karpeles.

Ulbricht doesn’t deny that he was involved. In fact, when he was arrested, he was logged into Silk Road on the account “Mastermind,” which showed the site’s finances in detail. But the defense is now claiming Ulbricht founded the site only as “an economic experiment," and that he later “handed it over to others” who lured him back to take the fall.

“The timeline is very odd,” says Jeong. “The same DHS agent who helped arrest Ross, who was undercover as a Silk Road moderator ... less than two months before he participated in arresting Ross Ulbricht, he swore in an affidavit that he had probable cause to believe that Mark Karpeles, the CEO of Mt. Gox was Dread Pirate Roberts. That is really strange.”

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