Marketplace - American Public Media

PODCAST: American cars in Russia

Tue, 2015-05-19 03:00

First up, we'll talk about the Supreme Court's ruling on 401(k)s, and what it means for workers. Plus, we look at the job ahead of Keith Hall, the new head of the Congressional Budget Office. His role is meant to be a non-partisan scorekeeper, but we look at the difficulties of remaining independent in a charged political atmosphere. And America's car makers are struggling to keep their businesses in Russia on the road as the country's economy stalls. However as we find out, car factories in Detroit are not the only ones feeling the cold winds of Russia's troubled economy.

The Congressional Budget Office: staying above the fray

Tue, 2015-05-19 02:00

Keith Hall, director of the Congressional Budget Office, will offer his first Senate testimony Tuesday since taking the helm of the nonpartisan agency in early April. It’s also the first oversight hearings for CBO in over three decades, according to the Senate Budget Committee.

The primary focus will be the agency’s 2016 budget, drafted under Hall’s predecessor.

While Congress often uses a director’s testimony to question the assumptions and findings of CBO reports, the agency refrains from offering policy recommendations, says Phil Joyce, a professor of public policy at the University of Maryland.

“I heard someone at CBO say once, 'If you ask us how much something costs, we’ll tell you how much it costs. If you ask us whether it’s a good idea, we’ll tell you how much it costs,'” he says.

In fact, Joyce says it’s often members of the director’s own party who are most disappointed with the agency’s reports.

“It’s very much like being the referee in a college basketball game,” agrees Douglas Holtz-Eakin , who led the CBO from 2003 to 2005 and is now president of the conservative think tank American Action Forum. “There’s always a coach standing on the sidelines screaming at the referee, and it’s not usually over the call the referee just made. It’s over the next call. 'Can we soften him up for the next call?'”

Swatting: not a new phenomenon, but the cost is rising

Tue, 2015-05-19 02:00

By now, a lot of video gamers and law enforcement officers are familiar with this bit of viral video. It's professional Video Gamer Jordan Matthewson, a.k.a. Kootra, doing what pro gamers like him do: Broadcasting his game play to viewers from his offices in Littleton, Colorado. In the middle of tactical movements with his teammates online, Matthewson is interrupted by sounds of police activity down the hall in real life. Moments later, he's forced to the ground by members of a real live SWAT team.

 

Matthewson was the victim of a prank called swatting. It's been around for decades, and it works like this: A prankster calls an emergency hotline claiming to be at the scene of a hostage situation—sometimes the perpetrator of said hostage situation—sending police and other first responders to an address, weapons and gurneys at the ready. But the prankster isn't actually at the location, and instead law enforcement surprises unsuspecting targets at the address.

For hackers, new technology is making swatting both easier to pull off and more attractive. The rise of live-streaming video games and other content online means the potential audience for swatting has gone from a few targets and the people sent to check up on them to thousands or tens of thousands.

For emergency call centers, fighting swatting or distributed denial of service attacks is a perennial cost. Christopher Carver is a director at the National Emergency Number Association in Virginia. He says that the process of updating emergency call center systems has a price tag in the "billions." These days, a 911 dispatcher can see caller ID and location information in a matter of seconds. But now that a majority of calls can come in from smartphones or over online services like Skype or Google Voice, there are also more tools to "spoof" the location of a call.

Spoofing is a hacker method that is used in lots of different ways. Alisdair Faulkner, chief products officer at the security firm ThreatMetrix, says it's one of the most common tools for hackers to take your identity. Swatting attacks from British Columbia to Florida have been made possible in part thanks to the use of spoofing.

Last month in the city of Rochester New York, Lieutenant Aaron Springer and his 30-member SWAT team got a taste. They raced to a residential building where there was actually no hostage situation. How much did swatting set his department back?

"My guys? Maybe fifteen hundred bucks, maybe three thousand dollars," he says. When you add 30 more officers sent to the scene to direct traffic, the fire department, an ambulance, and multiple department chiefs, Lieutenant Springer ballparks the total cost closer to $15,000.

Springer says swatting doesn't happen often enough to make a big change to operations—the last occurrence was several years ago—but the growing costs to law enforcement and emergency services helped inspire New York Senator Chuck Schumer to introduce a piece of legislation that would carry stricter punishments for swatting.

Lieutenant Springer is worried about a different cost; that he'll hesitate the next time his team gets a call, in a scenario when every second counts.

Wal-Mart reports results after hiking workers' pay

Tue, 2015-05-19 02:00

Wal-Mart announces its first quarter results Tuesday. There’s been a lot of buzz about the world’s biggest retailer bumping up wages. Earlier this year, CEO Doug McMillon announced the company would raise starting pay to at least $9 an hour, effective last  last month, and at least $10 an hour starting next year.

Sure, paying employees more comes with a cost—An estimated $1 billion. But Wal-Mart is taking the long view here, says University of California, Berkeley economics professor Enrico Moretti.

“First of all, they’re going to have lower turnover cost, and probably they’re going to be able to attract a better pool of workers,” Moretti says.

The downside: it’ll probably be at least several months before the benefits start to really sink in.

Still, cutting turnover is smart for a company like Wal-Mart, says Neil Stern, senior partner with retail consulting firm McMillan Doolittle. “Turnover is a huge cost for retailers,” he says.

Stern says it costs money to look for replacements, to hire, and to train new workers. And that cuts into profits.

Increasing pay is fine, Stern says, but other things also matter when you’re trying to retain workers; like promotion opportunities and how much fun you have on the job.

 

The bite is worse than the bark

Tue, 2015-05-19 01:59
$5.8 trillion

That's the size of the market for administering 401(k)s. On Monday, the Supreme Court ruled that employees have the right to sue employers if they find a lack of due diligence in combating high management fees on their 401(k). Most don't tend to notice the 1 or 2 percent fees, but as the LA Times points out, that can add up over the span of a career.

30 percent

That's the commission Uber is collecting from some new drivers, testing a tiered system in which partners work up to keeping 80 percent of their fares after giving 40 rides each week. This would be Uber's highest commission yet, and Forbes notes in the competitive ride-sharing space companies like Uber and Lyft frequently tweak commissions to stay competitive.

5,767 times

That's how many times postal workers were bitten by dogs last year, according to new statistics. That's up almost 200 bites from last year. So in this case, the bite is actually worse than the bark.

One-fifth

That's the portion of Target's $73 billion in revenue that comes from groceries, the Wall Street Journal reported. The retailer is changing its approach to food, stocking more organic and specialty items, downplaying processed, packaged offerings.

$15,000

That's how much Lieutenant Aaron Springer of Rochester, New York, estimates was spent on a single SWAT team response to an emergency call. The problem? The call was a fake. In a prank known as swatting, a fake call is placed to an emergency hotline, often with claims of a hostage situation. As video gamers who stream themselves live online have become more popular, so has the practice of swatting them to see the ensuing chaos. But aside from creating a dangerous situation, the practice is also causing police departments more and more money.

2.75 million

That's about how many Republican voters from the 2012 election will be dead by November 2016, about 453,000 more those who voted Democratic. That's according to a back-of-the-envelope analysis from Politico, which reports that the GOP could be at a real disadvantage if it can't gather younger voters.

What Qatar doesn't want you to know about the 2022 World Cup

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:11

BBC journalist Mark Lobel and his team recently traveled to Qatar at the invitation of the country’s prime minister.

Lobel was invited to go on a tour of new and improved migrant worker facilities that would address Qatar’s reputation of laborer mistreatment. With Qatar getting ready to host the 2022 World Cup, there’s been an influx of migrant workers to house.  

But Lobel quickly found that he would not be allowed to complete a balanced report of Qatari labor camps.

 “Eight cars drove us off the street, and we were taken in by intelligence officers, treated like spies if you like,” Lobel says.

After two nights in jail, Lobel was released. But he says he worries about what this will mean for future World Cup coverage.

“The fact that we were dealt with by security officers is the beginning of what I think could be a very worrying trend,” says Lobel.  

Listen to the full interview by clicking play on the media player above.

The dark side of online education

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:06

Online education is the new thing, but there’s a dark side to it. The New York Times Pakistan bureau chief Declan Walsh wrote about a company in Pakistan that’s making millions of dollars by selling fake credentials to whoever wants them. His piece is called "Fake Diplomas, Real Cash: Pakastani Company Axact Reaps Millions." 

What’s the problem with Axact?

Our reporting has indicated that these websites are posing as universities, often giving the appearance of being in the United States, or high schools also in the United States. Their customers have been both in the United States and in many other countries around the world, particularly in the Middle East.

They have very cleverly and purposefully crafted the brand identity of these schools to cater to different audiences. Some of them will have names that hue very closely of those of famous American universities. Other universities will appeal to customers, perhaps in the Middle East…within the company, these fake universities are treated as brands to be created and marketed for specific customer basis. 

How do they get people to sign up?

They have a whole range of techniques that starts off by paying companies like Google and Facebook for advertising space, so that if you type in a search for online education, one of their sites will come up prominently. Secondly, they have promotional tools. They place stories on the CNN iReport, which is a citizen-journalism website. They create promotional videos using paid actors posing as staff and students. So, they have a whole range of tools to draw people into the website and to give them an appearance at least of legitimacy that allows them to maintain the fiction that these are genuine education institutions, as opposed to what they are, which is a diploma mill.

Why have they gotten away with it?

 It has very cleverly taken advantage of the sort of freedoms and anonymity that the Internet can allow you to do business. It has set up a whole web of off shore companies in places like Cypress and the British Virgin Islands to both take in the money that it receives and to pay the vendors. It has engaged in often quite aggressive legal tactics against people who would either investigate it or criticize it in public, so newspapers and other media groups in Pakistan and in other countries, including the U.K., have come under strong threats from the company’s in-house lawyers. 

Amazon's Echo lets you order something by saying it out loud

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:00

Amazon moves us one step closer to ordering something just by thinking it. 

People who use Amazon's voice-activated speaker system Echo can now order something just by saying it out loud.

I'd offer some thoughts here, but chances are Amazon already knows what they are.

'Pitch Perfect 2' leaves 'Mad Max' in the dust

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:00

"Pitch Perfect 2" made $69 million in U.S. movie theaters over the weekend, beating the action film" Mad Max: Fury Road."

"This was a huge surprise, I mean earth-shaking," says marketing strategist Peter Sealey, who was the head of marketing at Columbia Pictures in the 1980s.

The movie, about a group of young women in a singing competition, trounced the big summer action movie, which traditionally attracts a male-skewing demographic.

That demographic, boys and young men under 25, is what studios have traditional gone after, says Sealey. "It's just, you know, kind of a knee-jerk reaction."

But the 75 percent female audience that carried "Pitch Perfect 2" is evidence that the paradigm is shifting, says box office analyst Paul Dergarabedian of Rentrak.

"We have a lot of movies that we're seeing where women are driving the story. That they're the center of these movies. And, we're going to see more of that," Dergarabedian says, pointing to recent films such as the "Twilight" series, "Fifty Shades of Grey" and "Cinderella."

But Pitch Perfect hasn't been just a female-centric franchise. The first film, which was released in the fall of 2012, has attracted a broad audience on home video.

"And I have to say, when adult straight men say that they loved the movie, I find that extremely satisfying," Kay Cannon, the films' screenwriter, told Marketplace in an earlier interview.

"Often, there's a big preamble before: My wife made me watch it, none of the other channels on the television worked, I couldn't find the remote," says Cannon.

To reduce the need for a preamble this time around, Universal Pictures marketed the film broadly, even during the Super Bowl.

"Over time . . . given all those marketing efforts," says Dergarabedian, the film "could build more of a male audience" than the audience in its opening weekend.

Pitch Perfect 2

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:00

"Pitch Perfect 2" made $69 million in U.S. movie theaters over the weekend, beating the action film" Mad Max: Fury Road."

"This was a huge surprise, I mean earth-shaking," says marketing strategist Peter Sealey, who was the head of marketing at Columbia Pictures in the 1980s.

The movie, about a group of young women in a singing competition, trounced the big summer action movie, which traditionally attracts a male-skewing demographic.

That demographic, boys and young men under 25, is what studios have traditional gone after, says Sealey. "It's just, you know, kind of a knee-jerk reaction."

But the 75 percent female audience that carried "Pitch Perfect 2" is evidence that the paradigm is shifting, says box office analyst Paul Dergarabedian of Rentrak.

"We have a lot of movies that we're seeing where women are driving the story. That they're the center of these movies. And, we're going to see more of that," Dergarabedian says, pointing to recent films such as the "Twilight" series, "Fifty Shades of Grey" and "Cinderella."

But Pitch Perfect hasn't been just a female-centric franchise. The first film, which was released in the fall of 2012, has attracted a broad audience on home video.

"And I have to say, when adult straight men say that they loved the movie, I find that extremely satisfying," Kay Cannon, the films' screenwriter, told Marketplace in an earlier interview.

"Often, there's a big preamble before: My wife made me watch it, none of the other channels on the television worked, I couldn't find the remote," says Cannon.

To reduce the need for a preamble this time around, Universal Pictures marketed the film broadly, even during the Super Bowl.

"Over time . . . given all those marketing efforts," says Dergarabedian, the film "could build more of a male audience" than the audience in its opening weekend.

Georgia landowners fight eminent domain over pipeline

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:00

We’ve heard a lot about the controversial Keystone XL Pipeline over the last year or so. There are already more than two million miles of pipeline in the U.S., carrying natural gas, petroleum products and chemicals, right under our feet.

Now, a fight is raging over a new pipeline proposed for the Georgia coast. The company that wants to build the pipeline needs private land to do it, and it is asking the state for the right to use eminent domain.

That’s not sitting well with many landowners in the region, like Eddie Reddick, who owns a tree farm near the South Carolina border.

Eddie Reddick at his family's tree farm in Screven County. He says Kinder Morgan surveyors damaged some of his crop.

Molly Samuel/WABE

“This tree will eventually die,” he says, picking up a small crooked tree by its trunk on his family’s 845-acre property in Screven County. A few weeks ago, surveyors for the energy company Kinder Morgan came out here, and Reddick says they drove over some of his young pine trees.

See, there’s a nice vigorous growing seedling, about 7-foot tall, that’s been run over,” he says. Now that tree and others in its row are bent over sideways, like long grass on a windy day. They’re all pointing in the same direction, toward a wooden stake with a pink ribbon fluttering at the top.

Here’s the first stake, and it says, 'proposed pipeline,' ” Reddick says .

Surveyors have begun laying out the route for the proposed pipeline.

Molly Samuel/WABE

This marks where the Palmetto Pipeline would travel through Reddick’s land.

It continues in a southerly direction through this young pine plantation, till we get to a wetland branch several hundred feet on down the line,” he says.

The energy company Kinder Morgan wants to build this 360-mile pipeline along the Savannah River and then down the coast, to Florida. It would split off from another bigger pipeline the company owns that carries gas from Gulf Coast refineries to the Northeast.

A map showing the route of the proposed Palmetto Pipeline. 

Courtesy of Kinder Morgan

Reddick says he thinks the pipeline would take about 4.5 acres of his farm permanently out of production. That’s a small amount of land for Reddick, but he says it’s the principal of the thing. 

“As a private landowner, [you] feel like you’re being run over,” Reddick says. 

But Allen Fore says this is about planning for the larger community’s needs. He’s a vice president with Kinder Morgan.

We’re looking at not just service now and what the needs are now in Georgia, but we’re trying to look at the next 20-30 years,” Fore says .

Savannah’s fuel comes from ships or trucks; Fore says a pipeline would be cheaper and more reliable.

Savannah in particular is one of the few areas that doesn’t have direct pipeline capacity,” Fore says.

It would cost a billion dollars to build the pipeline, and it would eventually carry about 150,000 barrels of fuel a day. Fore says all of the gas is for domestic use, not for export, and that Kinder Morgan will only use eminent domain where it has to.  

“Our use of that, if granted, is extremely rare,” Fore says. “Over 98 percent of properties are acquired by amicable resolution to the satisfaction of landowners. So we’re talking about a small, very small number.”

But a lot of landowners are upset about the idea. At a public hearing earlier this month, a couple hundred people turned out. There were environmentalists concerned about fragile wetlands, but the most vocal opponents were people angry about a private company taking their land.

Most people at a public hearing in Waynesboro, Georgia, in early May opposed the use of eminent domain to build the Palmetto Pipeline.

Molly Samuel/WABE

“My mama’s people, and my daddy’s people, been here since the 1700s,” said Jeff Mallard. “I don’t agree with eminent domain.”

But eminent domain serves a purpose, explains Peter Appel, law professor at the University of Georgia. The government uses it to build highways, post offices and parks. And, yes, states can grant it to private companies, too.

“People want to say this is my property, and you can’t have it, and the fact of the matter is, that’s not true,” he says. “A pipeline, similar to a railway line, is almost a classic case for when eminent domain makes sense.”

That’s because it’s going to serve the public by delivering gas, he says, and a pipeline’s route isn’t very flexible. Kinder Morgan can’t twist and turn around every landowner who doesn’t want to sell. But Appel says just because the pipeline is a good candidate for eminent domain doesn’t mean Georgia has to grant it.

It really is up to the government to decide, 'Are we going to put our power behind this project?' ” he says.

Gov. Nathan Deal came out against the plan earlier this month. But under Georgia law, it’s the commissioner of the Department of Transportation who makes the decision. The deadline for that decision is Tuesday. If the commissioner gives the green light, the project will then need to go through an environmental review.

Target zeroes in on food, glorious food

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:00

Target, long the “cheap chic” destination for clothing and home furnishings, is trying to spruce up its grocery business at the expense of some of its big processed food suppliers by capitalizing on consumers’ growing preference for organic and natural foods over packaged foods.  

“Natural and organics has been growing mid-teens now for eight to 10 years,” says Brian Yarbrough, an analyst with Edward Jones. “And the center of the aisle, the cereal, the chips, the cookies, the crackers, the soups of the world — they’re barely seeing volume growth at all.”

A Wall Street Journal report says Target will do less to promote packaged foods suppliers such as General Mills and Campbell Soup Company. That may mean less space on shelves and in circular ads.

Target spokeswoman Molly Snyder would only confirm the accuracy of quotes from CEO Brian Cornell. He told the Journal that mac and cheese isn’t getting eliminated altogether, "but clearly assortment is being shaped around what consumers are looking for.”

Sean Naughton, an analyst with Piper Jaffray, suspects Target shoppers might see more items like craft beers or specialty organic foods.

“I think they would like to create a little more uniqueness inside the store,” Naughton says.

Doug Waxson of St. Paul, Minn., already sees more appealing products at his local Target.

“My wife's noticed they're starting to carry some things she ordinarily gets at Whole Foods or a co-op, like some higher-quality lunch items and frozen items,” he said. “It seems like something that they've started to get better at recently.”

Analysts caution that Target won’t be dumping packaged foods altogether. But they say it probably will nudge out some of the big food companies’ products in favor of its own private label brands.

Yarbrough says the situation will make things harder on big food companies, whose sales are already suffering.

“Once they shrink the shelf space,” he said, “it's going to pressure sales for the next year.”

 

 

 

Federal money talks — kind of

Mon, 2015-05-18 13:00

Now that the president's Task Force on 21st Century Policing has proposed its recommendations, the White House is offering grants to encourage local police departments to adopt some suggestions, like having officers wear body cameras and using a new federal tool kit to train them. 

The grants make the medicine go down a bit more smoothly, but the White House’s reach is limited. 

“On a day-to-day basis, the president of the United States does not control the way police officers interact with citizens,” says Jack Pitney, a political scientist at Claremont McKenna College.

Jim Pasco, executive director of the national Fraternal Order of Police, says local authorities were already buying cameras, and local police will make the key decisions about how to use them, such as “who’ll be wearing them, and for how long, and under what circumstances they go on and off.” 

This isn’t the first time President Obama has dangled money in front of local officials to try to bend them to his will.

“I think it works,” says Robert Shapiro, a professor of political science at Columbia University, pointing to funding for states to expand Medicaid in the Affordable Care Act. “They’ll take the money," he says. "And I think a good case in point is what we’ve seen on Medicaid.”

President Obama also tried to get states to change the way they educate children with his Race to the Top grants. He’s hardly the first president to try buying a little local control. President Nixon handed out grants encouraging local police to get tough on crime. 

PODCAST: Good news for the Georgia pecan

Mon, 2015-05-18 03:00

New limits are on the way for military-style gear used by police officers. More on that. Plus, luxury brands take Alibaba to court over counterfeit goods on the site. And Calpers wants to sell a portion of its timberland holdings, mostly in Louisiana. Timber is performing below par compared to private equity, public equity and real estate since the recession hit. And with years of drought in California affecting nut production, some farmers are looking at other places, and other nuts, to grow. That’s good news for Georgia pecan growers.

San Francisco takes innovative approach to homelessness

Mon, 2015-05-18 02:00

The tech sector in San Francisco may be booming, but the city's homeless are still suffering.

With real estate prices skyrocketing, pressure has intensified on San Francisco's needy. Advocates say there is only one shelter bed for about every six homeless people. New residents are clamoring for solutions.

The city is now trying something a little different—a shelter with fewer rules and more open space.

I sat on a bench next to Marco Simonetti. He rolled back his sleeve to show me thick, long, fresh scars. They ran all down his right arm. Simonetti says he was robbed and stabbed a couple of weeks ago.

Simonetti was living on the street. The attackers took all he had—a bike, wallet, and three dollars. He says, “They just picked me at random I guess.” He thinks maybe it was his gray hair. They saw and old guy and decided to get him.

Simonetti is safer now. He's living at The Navigation Center. 

Marco Simonetti sits outside The Navigation Center.

Sam Harnett

The center is different from most homeless shelters—less institutional. There is a big courtyard, and no curfew. Guests can come and go anytime.

Julie Leadbetter is the center's director. She says, “We're trying to lower the barriers on the street to access shelter.”

The biggest difference from most shelters, Leadbetter says, is that people can bring pets, partners, and possessions. Usually, they have to leave all that behind.

“We don't want to create a place that breaks down the very little supports that they have,” Leadbetter says. “It's about starting with what they have and building up."

Shelters are a band aid, not a solution. They are often dorms crammed with beds. There's no place to put your stuff, and they have a curfew for when you can come in and when you must leave during the day. Sexes are separated to protect women from rape. These conditions keep people out.

Allen Naethe is an army vet. He's been homeless 15 years and never went to a shelter. He couldn't abandon the love of his life. “I don't go nowhere she wont go,” Naethe says.

“She” is an English Staffordshire Terrier named Benthe. She's nine years old and pretty adorable. Naethe says he promised to get her a house, and that is what he's trying to do now at the Navigation Center.

Allen Naethe with his dog Benthe

Sam Harnett

Once someone like Naethe comes in to the center, the goal is to get them on their feet and into housing in about two weeks. The center has government services on site to help with housing, benefits, and jobs.

Bevan Dufty is San Francisco's housing director. He says the city is under pressure to innovate like this.

Dufty says, “The technology companies here want to see us do a better job responding to homeless.”

Dufty hopes the center will prove the city can be successful, and that tech companies will then start chipping in more—because the center isn't cheap. It's funded by a $2.4 million anonymous donation, and it accommodates only 75 people at a time.

For Simonetti though, the difference from other shelters is huge. “They treat you more like a regular person here,” he says, “They help more. They want to see you progress. They don't want to see you stagnate.”

Simonetti hopes to organize himself and get back together with his old girlfriend, who is now living off the street. His big dream though is to buy a boat like the one he used to live in, to head out through the Golden Gate bridge, turn left, and keep on sailing.

As walnut prices rise, consumers look to pecans

Mon, 2015-05-18 02:00

The water-thirsty nut crops grown in California are getting a lot of attention these days given that state’s four-year drought.

Take walnuts for example. The drought has affected both supply and quality of this popular nut, and that’s helped double its price over the last few years.  But with increased prices, coupled with declining quality, consumers are looking for alternatives.  

That means farmers are starting to look at other places – and other nuts – to grow. The interest is good news for pecan growers in places like Texas and Georgia, because pecans are a natural substitute for walnuts.

“The applications, particularly when you’re talking about baking, are very similar,” says Dan Zedan of Nature’s Finest Foods, which specializes in marketing tree nuts.

Aside from the obvious differences – different nuts, different trees – there’s one key distinction between the two: where the nuts are grown. Pecans are grown in a handful of states and can flourish in a variety of climates.  Walnuts, on the other hand, need arid conditions to thrive and are grown almost exclusively in California.  

With the price of walnuts on the uptick, Zedans says, “We’ve seen a significant shift in consumption of Pecans.”

Zedan says confectioners and bakers have always preferred pecans, but up until recently pecans have generally been the more expensive option. The opposite has been true in the last three years.

“[Pecans] have a much better flavor profile, they have a better shelf life, they’re a bit more versatile, and there is a quality perception difference between walnuts and pecans,” Zedan says.

This is all good news for Georgia, which is the top pecan producer in the U.S. Other pecan producing states like Texas and New Mexico are happy too.

Lenny Wells, a pecan specialist with the University of Georgia, says the pecan industry was booming even before the California drought. Growers, he says, have seen almost a dollar increase per pound in the last few years.

“A lot of that is driven by the export demand for pecans right now, mainly to Asia,” Wells says. “So the economics looks good and we’ve had a lot of outside interest in the industry.”

With California’s ongoing drought, this interest is showing no signs of letting up.

Wells says he’s even gotten a couple of calls from California nut growers looking to set up shop in Georgia. 

Calpers reportedly looking to sell of timberland

Mon, 2015-05-18 02:00

California’s public-employee pension fund—Calpers—is reportedly looking to unload some trees. About 300,000 acres-worth, according to The Wall Street Journal, which reports Calpers wants to sell timberland it owns in the Southeastern U.S.

Calpers lists about $2.2 billion worth of forestland investments in its $300 billion portfolio; it has much bigger stakes in investment classes such as stocks, bonds, and real estate. The investments fund the pensions of more than 1.5 million California public employees and retirees in California.

Back in the early 2000s, the trend was to diversify investments to get higher returns (Calpers faces underfunded pension liabilities, as do many other state pension funds). But some alternative investments didn’t pan out, says economist John Canally at LPL Financial.

“What happened to timber prices over the last ten years—you basically got no return on forestry stocks,” says Canally. He says the housing crash and global recession depressed the lumber market. If pension funds like Calpers had left their money in stocks and bonds, he says, their investments would have been more profitable in the long run.

A spokesman for Calpers told Marketplace by email that he could not confirm any plans to downsize Calpers’ timber holdings or review that segment of the fund’s portfolio.

University of Georgia forestry business professor Thomas Harris says that if Calpers did want to sell its timberlands in Louisiana and East Texas, there would be plenty of potential buyers. “Weyerhauser, Potlach, Plum Creek, have been active in acquiring timber land,” says Harris. “There’s interest by pension funds and high-wealth individuals.”

Harris says timber can be an attractive and stable investment, because the trees keep growing, getting more valuable as time goes on.

How Mexico is fighting obesity

Mon, 2015-05-18 02:00

Mexico and the United States have the highest rates of obesity of any major country in the world, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 

But Mexico has been taking steps to change that. "In the United States, we think we're the first to do everything, but that's not necessarily true," says Kelly Brownell, dean of the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University. "And in the case of policies, to address the obesity problem, there are other countries that have been out of the gate earlier than we have." 

Mexico is one of the first countries to adopt a tax on sugary beverages, a ban on junk food advertisement during kids' shows and movies, and a push towards healthier food in schools. But Franco Sassi, senior health economist at the OECD, says it is difficult to specify exactly what constitutes a "healthy food." 

When it comes to obesity, there is no single food and policy that can tip the scales by itself, Sassi says.

A Loft-y purchase

Mon, 2015-05-18 01:59
$2.16 billion

That's the purchase price for Ann Taylor's and Loft's parent company. The buyer? Ascena Retail Group, the owner of Lane Bryant and Dressbarn. As reported by the New York Times, the combined companies will have 4,930 stores in the United States alone.

"Seven or eight"

That's how many errors publisher HarperCollins corrected in "Clinton Cash," a controversial book about Hillary Clinton's finances and foundation. Normally, readers would have to wait for a new edition for these revisions, but there's no standard practice for e-books, and in this case they were updated with a notification email from Amazon. 

300,000

That's about how many acres of timberland the California’s public-employee pension fund, Calpers, is reportedly looking to sell. With the lumber market down since the housing crash, investments in that industry by Calpers have not been performing as well as if the money had been put into stocks and bonds.

$16.1 million

That's how much Chinese e-commerce site Alibaba says it spends per year fighting counterfeit goods. But not everyone thinks the site is doing all it can. Shortly before its IPO in July, a group of luxury brands represented by Kering SA filed a suit against Alibaba citing dissatisfaction with efforts to weed out counterfeit goods. That initial suit was dropped, but now those same brands are back, this time claiming Alibaba assists counterfeiters in the sale of their products.

2 weeks

That's about how long The Navigation Center, a new kind of homeless shelter in San Francisco, aims to have residents back on their feet and into housing. Facing pressure from the tech industry to address homelessness, the city is trying out a new kind of system that feels less institutionalized. At The Navigation Center, residents are allowed to bring pets, and there are no curfews. There are also government programs on site to help with employment and 

461

That's how many people police killed in 2013, according to the FBI. But there's more to those numbers; mainly that they may be inaccurate, and better data is hard to come by. Local departments' reporting standards don't match up, and often the paperwork just doesn't get filed correctly. That's the latest story in our series "Behind the Blue Line."

Change is in the air traffic control tower

Fri, 2015-05-15 13:30

Momentum is growing for major changes to the U.S. air traffic control system, which, believe it or not, uses radar, not GPS, to land planes.

Sharon Pinkerton, senior vice present for policy at Airlines for America, says getting rid of radar would increase efficiency.

“It would enable us to put planes closer together and be more accurate in our prediction in weather and working around weather,” she says.

But American skies are already some of the safest in the world. So why the urgency? The Federal Aviation Administration’s budget has become a political football in Congress, and that's rattled air traffic controllers.

“They want to see stable, predictable, long-range planning and funding to modernize the system,” says Jim Burnley, who was transportation secretary under Ronald Reagan.

The union, he says, “has now made very clear in the last couple of months that it is willing to look at serious alternatives to the present structure of air traffic control.”

But proposals are still vague. Some want to reform but keep the agency inside the government, others want it privatized. Rep. Peter DeFazio of Oregon, the ranking Democrat on the House Transportation Committee, says the Pentagon has told him it's weary of giving airspace control to a private group.

“Do we want to do the same old thing, maybe try to patchwork it in place?” he says. “Or do we want to do something iterative and say, 'OK, we’re going to make a major change to try and solve some of the long-term problems with this agency'?”

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