From the Marketplace Datebook, here's a look at what's coming up Thursday, June 19:
In Washington, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee holds a closed hearing on Iraq.
The Conference Board is scheduled to release its monthly index of leading economic indicators.
Let's all slow down and maybe wear something fetching for World Sauntering Day.
The online retailing giant Amazon is expected to unveil a smart phone at a media event in Seattle today, with tech observers buzzing over the anticipated bells-and-whistles-like 3D features.
But many think the phone will largely function as a handheld shopping cart that you can then fill with more of Amazon's stuff.
“They want you to interact with them five, ten times a day, and the mobile phone is a great way to ensure that Amazon is there whenever you might need something,” says James McQuivey, a media analyst with Forrester Research.
McQuivey says an Amazon phone might also include a built-in payment system that could be used with any retailer.
Colin Gillis, senior technology analyst with the brokerage firm BGC Financial, thinks the phone might well be free. Same goes for the data if you're, say, downloading music from Amazon.
“It's the classic razor and blades. You can have the razor for free as long as you keep buying blades from us,” Gillis says.
Even so, Gillis thinks a smart phone won't bust Amazon out of its low profit margins.
Some say that America is becoming a country of paper-pushers; that we aren’t actually making much real stuff anymore. But grassroots designers and fabricators are looking to change that perception. Today these so-called makers are gathering at the White House for a kind of trade fair to promote their businesses and their movement.
Jules Pieri, CEO of The Grommet, who helped shape the event, joins Marketplace Morning Report host David Brancaccio to discuss.
Click the audio player above to hear Jules Pieri in conversation with Marketplace Morning Report host David Brancaccio
In advance of the press conference coming out of the Federal Reserve's two-day meeting, a look at what to expect from Chair Janet Yellen. Plus, more on the debut of the amazon phone. Also, while some criticize the U.S. for not making anything anymore, several fabricators and makers head to Washington, D.C. as part of the 'maker movement.'
And now for a fairy tale about tobacco bonds: once upon a time, it seemed like the clouds had opened up and rained money on many states when the great tobacco company settlement of 1998 was struck.
But like many a lottery jackpot, the $206 billion promised would only get paid out slowly, over time. Impatient and cash-strapped states then figured out ways to get the money quicker by authorizing special bonds. Investors would lend the states their money, knowing they'd get paid back later when the tobacco settlement money trickled in, plus interest.
Yet in some places -- New Jersey, for example -- some of those bonds ran into trouble and the investors who bought them weren’t so happy. Although state officials are under no obligation to fix the problem, they are proud of their solution.
But Fortune magazine senior editor-at-large Allan Sloan is not proud of his home state’s solution.
Click the audio player above to hear Allan Sloan in conversation with Marketplace Morning Report host David Brancaccio
We did something the other day that I don’t actually think we’ve ever done before. Not on purpose, anyway.
We re-ran an interview from the archives: Donald Rumsfeld, from a year or so ago, when he had a new book out that he was pushing.
We try real hard not to repeat ourselves. Real hard. Even if it’s the zillionth story on… I dunno…unemployment or something, we’re gonna try to find a fresh angle and tell you something new.
But as we were putting the show together this past Friday, it dawned on me that we had an interview with one of the key people on what the United States did in Iraq a decade ago and it was just sitting there waiting to be heard. Okay, re-heard, but you get my meaning. And with what's been happening over there the past couple of weeks, I figured airing it again would be a better service to our listeners than almost anything else we could do.
So we did.
Now, you could argue that an interview about Iraq has no business being on Marketplace. Or that I was rude and disrespectful to a former secretary of defense. Or that he's an unrepentant neo-conservative who should be in jail. All of those things – and more – were said about that interview (in the 100+ comments on our site and the hundreds of shares and links on Twitter and Facebook). Fine.
And yes, I completely get and agree with the point Jim Fallows makes -- that those who led us into Iraq, or counseled in favor of war, should do the decent thing and stay quiet right now (he also, recommends those who should be listened to right now).
But when you have the opportunity to ask pointed question, as I did with Rumsfeld, and as Erin Burnett did with Paul Bremmer Monday night on CNN, then I think the obligation is to do exactly that and let people make up their own minds.
Digital "Terms and Conditions" are the things we agree to with the click of a box and a tiny prayer that they don’t turn on us. When the same thing happens on a grand scale, it can get pretty ugly.
This week, independent artists and record labels are locked in a staring contest with Google over new terms and conditions for posting music on YouTube -- The artists are names you'd recognize, including Adele and Jack White.
Molly Wood, New York Times Tech Columnist, says, "this is a story of big companies behaving badly.”
YouTube, trying to capitalize on its status as the number one place for streaming music, is starting a subscription music service. However, it is also threatening independent labels with being blocked from uploading to You Tube if they don’t license their music.
Says Wood, "For years, they [content producers] may have been bullied by movie studios, or TV studios, or record lables, and they thought they had found a safe haven in some of these digital startups, and the reality is that the behavior is looking the same."
The Federal Reserve’s key policy-making body — the Federal Open Market Committee — wraps up its two-day meeting today with a news conference hosted by Chair Janet Yellen, and projections on economic growth going forward.
Consumer prices were up strongly in May — at around a 2 percent annual rate — for everything from food and gasoline, to rents and new cars. If that keeps up, the Fed might have to raise short-term interest rates sooner than expected, to tamp down prices. That could also tamp down consumer spending and job growth.
“You’ve still got the backdrop of this slow-growth economy with stagnant household income," says Greg McBride, chief financial analyst at Bankrate.com. "Suddenly inflation’s starting to pick up, so you’re taking away what little spending power the consumer had.”
And Bernie Baumohl at the Economic Outlook Group says even though economic growth and job-creation have clearly rebounded since the dismal winter months, there are a lot of wild cards out there for the Fed — like stubbornly low wage-growth in the U.S., not to mention civil strife in Iraq, and soaring oil prices worldwide.
“The geopolitical pot is really boiling furiously," says Baumohl. "And it really greatly complicates the decision-making process on the Fed, among investors and also among CEOs.”
A new report from the Education Trust says over $15 billion a year in federal aid goes to colleges where most of the students don’t graduate. Plus, many of the students -- three out of ten -- have so much debt they can’t repay it.
Not so suprising: most of the schools on the list are for-profit institutions.
There’s some argument in academic circles as to what is a good graduation rate -- some students transfer, some take longer to graduate, and not everyone finishes. Judith Scott-Clayton, a professor of economics and education at Columbia University’s Teacher’s College, says while that is the case, it's still easy to spot problematically low rates.
“I think most people could agree that 15 percent is probably too low," Scott-Clayton says.
But over a six year period at a group of schools (many of which are for-profit), the report found that 15 percent is exactly how few students are graduating.
Michael Dannenburg, Director of Higher Education Policy with Education Trust cites the University of Phoenix, a for-profit that he says receives $4 billion a year in federal student aid and has a lot of campuses on the low graduation list. The school points out that many of its students work on top of their studies, so of course it takes them longer to graduate.
But Dannenburg notes the average college graduation rate from four year colleges after six years of enrollment is 59 percent. He also says you can’t pin low rates on low income students.
Says Dannenburg, "We’ve looked at scores of institutions that are serving similar students with similar characteristics that get very different results. In other words, demography is not destiny in higher education."
An Archaic Creature
At night, on the full moon and the new moon in late May and early June, the sands of East Coast beaches host a dance that is a half-billion years old.
Millions of horseshoe crabs, sensing the highest tides, swim ashore to spawn. The females will lay their eggs (4,000 a night) in the sand, and some weeks later, those eggs will hatch – at just the right time for the next peak tide to carry them out to sea.
These are strange animals. A large, foot-long shield-like carapace covers most of the crab's body, which sports no less than nine eyes - seven on top and two on the bottom. Their plate-like, spiny abdomen gives way to a long tail lined with photoreceptors. They neither sting nor pinch. In fact, they aren’t actually crabs at all, but more closely related to scorpions and spiders.
These crabs have an ancient history. The current four species of horseshoe crabs go back as far as 200 million years, and people have found fossils of extinct varieties that are 445 million years old. This is a creature that predates the dinosaurs by as much as the dinosaurs predate us.
With primordial powers...
In their long history, they have developed some remarkable abilities.
“They have been exposed to every major lineage of bacteria in the ocean, and they have evolved some degree of immunity to, essentially, all of them,” says Eric Hallerman, Professor of Fish Conservation at Virginia Tech. “They’re invertebrates so they don’t have antibody-based immunity the way we do, they have cell-based immunity, and it’s the widest spectrum of that immunity in the animal world.”
The power of that immunity wasn't completey understood until 1954, when Frederik Bang, a scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachussetts discovered that horseshoe crab blood would clot when it came into contact with gram-negative bacteria – whether the bacteria were dead or alive. The crab blood reacts vigorously, further research would show, with highly resilient toxins produced by this type of bacteria.
...that touch every corner of modern medicine
Bacterial endotoxins, as they are known, are “extremely potent,” says John Dubczak, general manager for Charles River Endosafe’s Endotoxin Microbial Detection Division. These endotoxins can be found everywhere, particularly in water, and they cannot be destroyed easily. Not even by boiling.
“Doses as low as one nanogram per kilogram can cause fever, so 70 parts per billion will cause a fever reaction,” he says, if they enter the blood stream. Higher doses cause septic shock and organ failure.
Horseshoe crab blood is used to create a test to detect these toxins. The test is called the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate test, and it touches every corner of modern medicine.
“Pharmaceutical manufacturers, vaccine manufacturers, medical device manufacturers,” says Dubczak. “Basically any product that is going to see the blood system directly or indirectly has to be tested.” It’s used to inspect everything from needles and IVs to pacemakers and dialysis machines. The most sophisticated LAL test is so sensitive it can detect bacterial toxins down to one part per trillion.
Before 1912, there was no test for these toxins, so any kind of intravenous or invasive surgical treatment was extremely risky. Scientists eventually developed a test in 1912 to determine if an intravenous treatment would cause fever or not. They used rabbits, which were injected with a sample and monitored for fever for several hours. Even into the '70s, biomedical firms would have hundreds of rabbits on hand to test devices for fever reaction. The test was used widely in the medical community, but it wasn't foolproof.
Blue blood and the matrix for crabs
At a facility on the outskirts of Charleston, South Carolina, Charles River Endosafe extracts the blood from horseshoe crabs. Charles River is one of four companies in the U.S. that manufacture LAL using crabs’ blood.
The creatures are delivered by the truck load, alive, to a loading dock.
“They’re blood donors, like the Red Cross,” says Dubczak.
The crabs are inspected -- “we don’t pay fishermen for injured crabs” -- and scraped of their barnacles. They are rinsed, disinfected, and piled into large gray bins.
One by one, they are strapped into “bleeding racks.” These are stainless steel carts that hold the animals in place, a dozen to a cart. Their abdomens and long tails are tucked under their carapaces. “It’s their natural defensive position,” says Dubczak, but it also exposes the membrane of their dorsal cardiac sinus – their primitive analog of a heart. “We’ll penetrate this membrane with a 14 gauge needle and drain the sinus.” Dubczak says this removes about 20 percent of the animal’s blood, “but the animals will have enough blood in their appendages as well as their gills to sustain them.”
The carts, with rows of membrane exposed crabs, are rolled into a hepafiltered clean room on one side of the warehouse space. The room has clear plastic walls and is staffed by teams of workers in scrubs and face masks. It’s reminiscent of a hospital ward. Or a giant bubble.
The crabs' membranes are swabbed with alcohol and stuck with needles, and blood begins to drip into bottles. It looks exactly like blue Kool-Aid. Oxygen is carried in human blood by iron-based hemoglobin, which colors it red. The crabs' blood uses copper-based hemocyanin.
After 5 to 10 minutes, the needles are removed and the bleeding racks, laden with crabs, are rolled out of the bubble. The animals are removed from their racks, placed in an open air canopy-covered truck, and taken back to the ocean.
Most survive. Some do not.
Roughly half of one percent of these crabs die from the bleeding process at this facility, Dubczak says. He says for the biomedical industry as a whole, around 3 percent of horseshoe crabs die from the bleeding process.
The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC), the agency charged with regulating non-biomedical harvests of crabs, makes a blanket conservative assumption for its population estimates that across the entire biomedical industry, 15 percent of crabs die from bleeding.
Work done 10 years ago at Virginia Tech suggests similar mortality rates -- that 5 to 15 percent of crabs succumb, and “there’s been a more recent study conducted that suggested mortality is much higher, on the order of 28 percent,” says Eric Hallerman. Other researchers suggest that bled crabs may lay fewer eggs.
“There is a huge debate over whose numbers are more realistic,” he says. The uncertainty of the numbers means “the issue of whether this is sustainable is a current research question.”
It is a question not just because of a debate over numbers, but because biomedical companies aren't the only people using these crabs.
The other harvest
Scientists use the crabs on land, fishermen use them at sea. They use the crabs for bait. The ASMFC says 729,100 horseshoe crabs were harvested and cut up in 2012 for use as bait to catch eels and whelks (sea snails). The same year, the biomedical industry nationwide harvested 610,000 crabs, of which between 31,000 and 171,000 did not survive (depending on your survival rate assumption). By the ASMFC’s estimate, the bait fishery killed 10 times more crabs in 2012 than the biomedical fishery.
The government stepped in to take the pressure off the horseshoe crab population in 1998, and catch limits and management plans have developed since then. The 2012 bait harvest was still below what the ASMFC concluded was the maximum acceptable number (1.3 million crabs for that year).
“Currently the horseshoe crab management board is satisfied with the level of harvest in the bait industry,” says Marin Hawke, Fishery Management Coordinator for Horseshoe Crabs at the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. She adds that the assessments of what is sustainable also take into account other species that depend on the crabs for food, such as the Red Knot, a shore bird that sustains its hemispheric migration by feeding on horseshoe crab eggs.
But there are some caveats. First, the ASMFC doesn’t regulate or otherwise limit the biomedical harvest, it only sets quotas for the bait harvest. Nor does it use its estimations of biomedical mortality in determining how many crabs can be killed for bait.
Secondly, the harvest of crabs doesn’t appear to be sustainable everywhere.
“We just completed a stock assessment update in 2013, and the Southeast Region which is North Carolina down to Florida, the abundance is increasing,” says Hawke. “In the Delaware Bay their abundance is constant, and in the Northeast Region it’s decreasing. We’re currently looking at why that might be happening in the Northeast Region.”
Between bait and blood, a very muddy picture
In South Carolina, the biomedical industry successfully lobbied the state government in the early '90s to ban the harvest of crabs for bait. The horseshoe crab population in South Carolina is increasing. New Jersey also has a moratorium on harvesting crabs. Some observers wonder whether the New Jersey ban has driven fishermen to poach crabs in New York, driving down that state’s population.
The ASMFC is finding it difficult to determine why populations are deteriorating in some regions while improving in others. It does not create regional population models based on biomedical harvest data because that data is confidential. Since there are only four firms manufacturing LAL (and a fifth that bleeds crabs but does not make LAL tests), creating a publicly available model for horseshoe crab population at the regional level that takes into account both the bait and the biomedical harvest would divulge sensitive information that would be traceable to an individual biomedical firm. The ASMFC possesses the necessary data (biomedical firms are required to report it), but it cannot use it in a public, transparent way - so it doesn't.
So the public is left knowing this: Overall, it looks like the crabs are being harvested sustainably, whether for bait or for blood. But in some places, they are not, and it’s unclear why -- or who is responsible.
Smokeless tobacco is about a $6 billion industry, says Bloomberg Industries analyst Kenneth Shea.
“Growing sales [are] at about a 6 percent annual rate, which is pretty good, particularly compared to cigarettes which grow at about 1 percent a year,” he says.
Shea says cigarette sales still command 85 percent of total tobacco sales, but products like chew and snuff are growing. Part of the draw, says Shea is that it’s getting harder and harder to find a place where you can smoke.
Harvard Public Health Professor Gregory Connolly says R.J. Reynolds and Altria parent company of Phillip Morris – have also done a great job luring consumers in.
“You can get twice the amount of nicotine out of a tin of Copenhagen than you do out of a pack of Marlboros,” he says.
Connolly says part of the problem is that regulations aren’t as tight for smokeless tobacco as they are for cigarettes.
“We banned all candy-like flavors, so you can’t get cherry cigarettes,” he says. “But [we] totally exempted smokeless tobacco. So you can buy lemon smokeless tobacco, minty smokeless tobacco, you name it.”
The National Institutes of Health considers chew a growing national problem.
Northwestern oncologist Dr. Mark Agulnik says he sees evidence of the product’s popularity in his office every day.
“We certainly see fewer smokers. The only group that has not changed over time is the group that has been exposed to smokeless tobacco,” he says.
Agulnik says he’s not sure whether the death of famous baseball player Tony Gwynn will slow smokeless tobacco sales.
But the doctor says at least people are talking about chew.
Something he says they weren’t doing last week.
Netflix is now streaming more 4K content, including Breaking Bad and a few movies. That follows a trend of growing 4K content, which is also called Ultra HD.
It’s very unlikely you’ll be watching, because only a handful of people have 4K TVs. Maybe you’ve never even heard of 4K -- and that’s OK, because hardly anyone has.
“Awareness is incredibly low,” says Glenn Hower of Parks Associates, a consumer technology research company. “Consumers, they aren’t familiar with the terminology. They don’t know what 4K is, what it means.”
4K promises an enhanced viewing experience, with four times more pixels than HD. But some reviewers who have done side-by-side comparisons say it’s pretty hard for mere humans to tell the difference unless they stand extremely close to the screen.
All those pixels cost a great deal of money. Ben Arnold with NPD Group says a 4K television can cost 50 percent more or double the cost of a comparable HD television. That’s a key reason why he estimates there are only around 100,000 4K sets in use in America.
A key to selling 4K sets is the existence of 4K content. There isn’t much out there now. Companies that offer it, whether they are cable, streaming or broadcast, could score by picking up new customers. Or they might regret it, like companies that recently invested in home 3D, which has been a disaster.
Mark Garrison: First, it’s OK if you’ve never heard of 4K. Hardly anyone has, says Glenn Hower of Parks Associates, a consumer tech research company.
Glenn Hower: Awareness is incredibly low. Consumers, they aren’t familiar with the terminology. They don’t know what 4K is, what it means.
4K screens promise enhanced pictures, with four times more pixels than HD. And you will pay dearly for them.
Ben Arnold: On average, you can expect to pay anywhere from 50% more to double.
Ben Arnold with NPD Group estimates there are only around 100-thousand 4K sets in use in America. We’re all smart enough to know if we wait, prices will drop. Electronics manufacturers and retailers want us to buy now. Jim Willcox at Consumer Reports says it’ll only happen if we get something to watch.
Jim Willcox: Content’s clearly one of the things that drives hardware. There’s always that chicken and egg situation when you have a new format.
Netflix and others that offer 4K might make money on new customers. Or they might regret it, like companies that recently invested in home 3D, which has been a disaster. Jonathan Sterne is a communications technology professor at McGill University.
Jonathan Sterne: There isn’t one recipe. But without content, you won’t have mass uptake. So someone basically has to take a bet on it.
One thing we’ll probably see more of: nature documentaries. The TV business loves them, believing close-ups of cuddly animals and bright birds get people to open their wallets for fancy TVs. I'm Mark Garrison, for Marketplace.
Thanks to the Labor Department, we got a read Tuesday on the state of the U.S. Economy. The latest Consumer Price Index indicates inflation is up.
Federal Reserve policymakers, who are meeting in Washington Tuesday and Wednesday, will pay close attention to that report, although they view it through a different lens than the rest of us.
The Fed wants to get ahead of inflation, because when the Fed changes its policies, that doesn’t have an immediate effect. “It’s a long and variable lag process,” says Kevin T. Jacques, a professor of finance at Baldwin Wallace University. “It just takes a lot of time.”
Spring has sprung in Rolla, Missouri, and cattle farmer Ken Lenox has noticed an increase in business.
“We’ve never dreamed of $2 a-pound cattle and they were well over $2 a-pound.”
When we last spoke with Lenox, he was dealing with temperatures below 14 degrees. The frost is now gone from his fields and he’s not only seeing a boom in his cattle business, but in his hay crops too.
“We just finished up 150 acres of hay. We just got rid of our spring calves that we sell. So things are looking up.”
Just because it's a fun thing to do, I guess, Noah Veltman, a data journalist at WNYC added up what it would cost to buy all the items and products featured on the editorial pages of the June 2014 editions of ten major magazines -- Vogue, InStyle, Cosmo and others.
He's not even talking about the stuff featured in ads. At the top of the charts is Vogue... with a cumulative price tag of $343,368. Coming in at number ten? Real Simple...almost $16,000.
In March 2014, Jos. A. Bank, the men’s apparel retailer known for its big sales and splashy advertisements, was bought by its competitor Men’s Wearhouse for $65 a share.
But it turns out Jos. A. Bank didn’t advertise all of its merchandise. Jos. A. Bank leases a Dassault Falcon 2000EX – a $24 million private plane that does not show up on any of the company’s financial statements.
"I thought 'If a company had a jet, it would show up somewhere,'" says Bethany McLean, Contributing Editor at Vanity Fair. "But as it turns out, it’s quite common that it doesn’t, and quite legal. Although, you could ask questions about whether this is following the letter of the law and violating the spirit of the law."
How does a company get away with leasing a private jet and not entering it on their records?
"This is possible because of a company’s so-called ‘perks’ or extra compensation," says McLean. "They only have to be disclosed when they’re personal use."
Jos. A. Bank says the jet is used 100 percent for business; therefore, it doesn’t have to be disclosed as executive’s compensation. The company is headquartered in Maryland, but the jet is hangered in West Palm Beach, Florida, where the former CEO Richard Wildrick lives.
If Wildrick uses the jet for his commute to and from Jos. A. Bank headquarters, then it’s considered personal use, right?
"It would be," says McLean. "But the company very smartly set up a little office in Palm Beach, so therefore the office to office travel is business use and doesn’t have to be disclosed."
As if confidence in China’s cooling economy wasn’t bad enough, big foreign banks are now worried they’ve fallen victim to an elaborate commodities scam.
When a U.S. bank decides on whether to give you a business loan, it looks at things like profitability and future cash flow. In China, banks focus on one thing: collateral.
"So that means you have something valuable and you give it to the bank provisionally, and they can take it if you don’t pay back your loan," says J-Capital’s Anne Stevenson-Yang.
Chinese companies often use things like copper or aluminum as collateral. It’s helped secure $160 billion worth of loans in the past few years. But in the Chinese port of Qingdao recently: a discovery of commodities-backed loan shenanigans.
"People found out that the same batch of copper had been taken to more than one bank to take out a loan," says Sijin Chen, commodities analyst for Barclays.
Chen says China’s government has tried to clean up this practice in the past, but "these government-driven initiatives are never going to be successful if the banks don’t think it’s a risky business."
They do now.
Foreign banks like Standard Chartered and Citigroup have sent their people to Qingdao to see if these warehouses of copper actually exist. So far, the government is too busy with an investigation to let them check. Stevenson-Yang says this fake-commodities scam is just the latest problem for China’s economy.
"China is deflating and everybody’s running around trying to make their particular asset valuable or shore up their particular loan, but the fact is it’s like taking your kickboard and holding it up against a tsunami."
Her message to foreign banks in China: You’re going to need more than a kickboard.
General Motors has announced yet another recall, this time for 3.4 million vehicles with a defect in the cars' ignition switches. According to the company, the keys can come out of postion if they carry too much weight.
The seemingly small defect could have deadly consequences for affected drivers. A statement from GM said the ignition switches could switch out of the "run" position if the key has excess weight and the car "experiences some jarring event," like hitting a pothole. In that circumstance, the vehicle's engine would shut off, potentially disabling power steering and causing drivers to lose control. To top it all off, the defect could also disable the vehicle's airbags.
GM says it will fix the issue, which covers seven models from years ranging between 2000 and 2014, by issuing new keys that are resistent to the problem.
But really, how many car keys are too many? Do you have some unsusually large or heavy keyrings of your own? Maybe you make up for your lack of a key collection with some creative fobs?
Show us or tell us about your keychain by tweeting a pic to @Marketplace or commenting below.
Here are some of the responses we recieved on Twitter:[View the story "Show us your keys" on Storify]
From the Marketplace Datebook, here's a look at what's coming up Wednesday, June 18:
In Washington, a Senate Committee discusses "Aggressive E-Cigarette Marketing and Potential Consequences for Youth."
The Federal Reserve wraps up a two-day meeting on interest rates.
FedEx releases quarterly earnings.
A House subcommittee on Aviation holds a hearing on "Airport Financing and Development."
And it's a celebration of tinkerers and their cutting edge tools. Makers, innovators, and entrepreneurs of all ages are at the White House for its first-ever Maker Faire.