Marketplace - American Public Media

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Updated: 37 min 58 sec ago

Facebook wants to teach you about diversity

Thu, 2015-07-30 03:00

Watching Facebook's hourlong presentation on unconscious bias, it's pretty clear that the company execs believe the best solution is asking employees to monitor their own prejudices and to take responsibility for keeping them in check.

“Managing bias can help us build stronger, more diverse and inclusive companies — and drive better business results,” writes Sheryl Sandberg, chief operating officer at Facebook. In a memo published Tuesday, Sandberg outlines the reasoning behind releasing the company’s bias training videos to the public.

The release of Facebook’s videos is part of a public reckoning and an attempt to show that steps are being taken to improve some of the statistics.

Says Sandberg, “Many people have asked if we’d be willing to share our training outside of Facebook, so today we’re making the presentation part of the course available to anyone.” But as the Wall Street Journal points out, given Facebook’s own challenges with diversity, the company is perhaps not in the best situation to lead by example.

A recent report showed that more than half of the social media network’s staff is white. And as the Guardian writes, of the 1,231 new hires made in 2013, only seven were black. Gender bias also remains an issue — the percentage of male employees actually increased by 1 percent to 68 percent.

It’s part of a larger conversation the tech industry is having about bias in the workplace — a topic that came to a head at this year’s SXSW when Google CEO Eric Schmidt was called out during the audience Q & A for interrupting Megan Smith during their panel on innovation — the audience member who pointed out Schmidt’s unconscious bias was, in fact, Judith Williams, Google's global diversity and talent programs manager.

In one of the training videos, Facebook’s own global director of diversity, Maxine Williams, talks about how a fear of prejudice can result in self-censorship, citing the example of Latina women being stereotyped as hot-headed: “When Sheryl Sandberg teaches this course, she talks about the fact that she cries at work. And she admits that. But she says, ‘You know, if I were Latina, I might not be so prepared to admit that because it’d be playing into the stereotype.’”

Other activities include asking audience members to identify who they would most likely hire based on five short video clips of various people introducing themselves, as well as inviting employee input on how certain biases can be combated in the workplace. Many of the suggestions are on a small scale — divide basic office work duties like note-taking during meetings between men and women, for example.

In her note, Sandberg briefly says that Facebook has a long way to go in terms of diversity, but she concludes, “by helping people recognize and correct for bias, we can take a step towards equality – at work, at home and in everyday life.”

At 50, Medicare spending more on hospice

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

50 years into the Medicare program, the federal health insurance program for Americans 65 and older, one feature of the program has been fairly constant: about 25 percent of spending goes to care in the last year of life. 

“This is actually a statistic that has been remarkably stable from year to year. It hasn't changed very much,” says Tricia Neuman, director of the Medicare Policy program at the Kaiser Family Foundation. 

Neuman says a small share of Medicare dollars go to hospice care, where sick people choose to forego major medical interventions, instead getting palliative care from a team of caregivers as they near the end of life. 

But she says spending on hospice is on the rise. Neuman says of all the Medicare beneficiaries who died in 2013, half used hospice services.

“And that is a rate that's doubled since the year 2000,” she says.

The savings from hospice are unclear, according to Mike Plotzke, a health economist with ABT Associates. He and other economists studied hospice use among nursing home residents. Their findings, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, argue that those hospice users actually had higher end of life costs because of lengthy hospice care. 

“These findings give some pause about whether or not hospice is going to save Medicare money or not,” says Plotzke.

Plotzke says given the rapid expansion of the hospice care industry, the costs warrant further study.

Meanwhile, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services are launching a pilot program that would allow Medicare recipients to stay in hospice but still get medical treatments like chemotherapy, which hospice patients otherwise forego.

Angry Birds is back with a vengeance

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

Since its release in 2009, the Finnish gaming company Rovio has built an Angry Birds theme park, capitalized on Angry Birds merchandise, and created numerous spin off games like Angry Birds Star Wars, Angry Birds Rio and Angry Birds Space. 

With its bird slingshot and beef with pigs, Angry Birds blew up the mobile gaming structure and expanded into a cultural phenomenon. Farhad Manjoo, tech columnist at the New York Times, explains its success was because "they got the game mechanics, right and it was addictive and it was fun. It hooked you, so you kept playing because every free moment was an opportunity to play.”

It remains to be seen if Angry Birds can continue that excitement in the current mobile market, which Manjoo maintains is not only "a lot more crowded in the game space. But it’s just also more crowded in apps. There’s many, many more apps. There’s more stuff to do on your phone that you can goof off with.”

While Manjoo believes it has a huge marketing advantage because of its cultural influence, there is still uncertainty surrounding the release of Angry Birds 2 due to the nature of sequels — a follow up to a blockbuster film won't necessarily repeat the same success. 

Plus, with Rovio aggressively pushing Angry Birds outside the mobile market in merchandise, movies and Disney-like experiences, the question remains if Angry Birds 2 is an attempt to continue the excitement around the franchise or if it's just trying to kill two pigs with one bird. 

 

 

Facebook earnings have Wall Street optimistic

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

Could the stock market be headed for trouble?

New reports suggest just half a dozen companies are fueling much of the gains on the Nasdaq and so far falling stocks outpace rising stocks which has been a precursor to previous downturns.

But while analysts and investors are raising concerns about the larger market, Facebook — one of the few companies driving gains — has them feeling optimistic after this week’s earnings report. The numbers certainly impress Wall Street.

Facebook’s margins are high, people are spending more time hanging out on the site, and boasts 1.4  billion users on average a  month.

RBC analyst Mark Mahaney says that’s jaw-dropping. “For context, there are more people on Facebook on a monthly basis than live in China. It’s a massive platform,” he says.

The future appears bright for a company valued at more than $250 billion dollars, which helps explain why it’s one of Wall Street’s sparkplugs.

Another growth area for the company is advertising. Facebook hauled in $3.8 billion, three-quarters coming from mobile.

Brian Blau is Research Director at Gartner. “Advertisers want to put their ads in front of Facebook users. And I think that we continue to see that as Facebook presses down and attracts more advertisers in local communities,” he says.

Blau says Facebook’s may have maxed out growth here in the U.S. and much of Europe.

One way to keep humming along is to find a way to make more off advertising that doesn’t turn users off.

PODCAST: Revising economic growth

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

The news this morning is that the U.S. economy didn't shrink during the winter as statisticians initially told us. More on that. Plus, we'll talk about Egyptian government's efforts to prop up the handicraft manufacturing industry that has been largely taken over by goods made in China.

Facebook earnings have Wallstreet optimistic

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

Could the stock market be headed for trouble?

New reports suggest just half a dozen companies are fueling much of the gains on the Nasdaq and so far falling stocks outpace rising stocks which has been a precursor to previous downturns.

But while analysts and investors are raising concerns about the larger market, Facebook — one of the few companies driving gains — has them feeling optimistic after this week’s earnings report. The numbers certainly impress Wall St.

Facebook’s margins are high, people are spending more time hanging out on the site, and boasts 1.4  billion users on average a  month.

RBC analyst Mark Mahaney says that’s jaw-dropping. “For context, there are more people on Facebook on a monthly basis than live in China. It’s a massive platform,” he says.

The future appears bright for a company valued at more than $250 billion dollars, which helps explain why it’s one of Wall St.’s sparkplugs.

Another growth area for the company is advertising. Facebook hauled in $3.8 billion, three-quarters coming from mobile.

Brian Blau is Research Director at Gartner. “Advertisers want to put their ads in front of Facebook users. And I think that we continue to see that as Facebook presses down and attracts more advertisers in local communities,” he says.

Blau says Facebook’s may have maxed out growth here in the U.S. and much of Europe.

One way to keep humming along is to find a way to make more off advertising that doesn’t turn users off.

The housing market is back — except where it's not

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

Homes that are underwater — mortgaged for more than they’re worth — represent a much smaller fraction of the housing market than they did a few years ago, according to a new report from RealtyTrac, a real-estate data company. However, some parts of the country are doing much better than others.

The national average, at 13.3 percent, isn’t all the way back to normal, but it would sound awfully good to places like Tampa, Cleveland, Las Vegas — or Chicago, where almost a quarter of mortgages are still underwater.

Ironically, one culprit may be state and local homeowner protections that make it harder for banks to foreclose, according to Daren Blomquist, vice president for Realty Trac.

"You have many properties that are kind of sitting in foreclosure limbo," he says. "And not only are those properties likely underwater, they’re likely dragging down the values of surrounding homes."

In Chicago and elsewhere, underwater homes tend to be in the poorest neighborhoods. 

"What’s happening on the Gold Coast in Chicago — which is very expensive — has very little to do with what’s happening in traditionally disadvantaged areas on the South or the West Side of the city," says Spencer Cowan, senior vice president for research at the Woodstock Institute, a local think-tank focused on economic equity.

Eight ZIP codes on Chicago’s South and West Sides have underwater rates above fifty percent — more than three times the rate for the Gold Coast area.

Egypt bans some "Made in China" souvenirs

Thu, 2015-07-30 02:00

In any place highly dependent on tourism, there’s money to be made in selling souvenirs. But when the tourists stop coming, those businesses and manufacturers are out of luck.

That’s what happened in Egypt following the 2011 revolution. Now that some of those tourists are coming back, the government there is trying to prop up the handicraft manufacturers that remain.

41-year-old Mohamed el-Yamaami’s hands are stained black from decades of polishing intricately cast bronze lamps and grills in the back alleys of Cairo's Khan el-Khalili bazaar. He blames Chinese imports for undercutting the prices of handmade goods like his.

“The majority of them used to be made in workshops [around here]," he says. "It provided the livelihood to many people. Now China makes them, for cheaper.”

Many manufacturers went out of business after the revolution, and those that remained suddenly found their prices undercut by Chinese goods. So, in April, the Egyptian government banned imports of traditional tourist items like miniature pyramids, "papyrus", and special lanterns. The move was welcomed by Egyptians, even those who sell the imports, like shopkeeper Omar Azzouz.

“As long as imports are allowed," he says, "I would never manufacture. Something imported is cheaper. Why would I buy local, more expensive products?” Azzouz says about half of the statues of pharaohs, tea sets, and other knickknacks in his shop are Chinese. Locals estimate suppliers still have enough in stock to keep markets flooded with “Made in China” tourist items for quite some time, but Azzouz says he looks forward to when those run out.

“You would be forced to buy an Egyptian product," he says. "Tourists will buy it, even if it is more expensive.”

Neither the Chinese-Egyptian Chamber of Commerce nor the Chinese Embassy in Cairo were available to comment. But, information from the Chinese Ministry of Commerce shows exports to Egypt decreased 15 percent the month the ban was announced, although there’s no explanation listed for the drop.

Back in his cramped Khan el-Khalili workshop, Mohamed el-Yamaani looks forward to the day his products will only be competing on quality, not massive price differences.

“Our work has a special style," he boasts. "If China makes this, I swear it won’t be sold."

Kentucky fried photo printer

Thu, 2015-07-30 01:51
15 percent

 

That's how much imported goods from China to Egypt dropped in April, the month Egypt announced a ban on imported traditional tourist items. In the wake of the revolution in 2011, many local manufacturers closed down as tourism dwindled. But as visitors returned, imported goods from China filled the need for miniature pyramids and special lanterns.

 

25 percent

 

That's the percentage of Medicare spending that consistently pays for end-of-life care. Costs related to hospice services continue to rise; half of Medicare patients who died in 2013 were in hospice care. That's double what it was in 2000.

 

60 years

 

That's how long KFC has been around in Canada. And to celebrate, the company is releasing a high-tech chicken bucket that doubles as a photo printer. As Slate reports, the bucket connects to your phone via Bluetooth. No word yet on whether or not the bucket is, indeed, finger lickin' good.

 

13.3 percent

 

That's the national average percentage of homes on the market that are underwater, meaning they were mortgaged for more than they're worth. But that's only part of the story. In cities like Chicago, that percentage spikes in poorer neighborhoods, where as much as 25 percent of homes on the market are deemed underwater.

Trade negotiations continue in Hawaii

Wed, 2015-07-29 14:37

In Maui, Hawaii, negotiators from 12 Pacific Rim countries are in the last stages of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

The White House has been working on the deal for years, and with Congress' passage of a fast track bill, negotiations are reaching an end — the deadline is Friday. In Maui, trade negotiations are going on in hotel conferences rooms. Lobbyists, media and advisers are taking over the usually tourist-filled area to work out the kinks: Canadian milk trade, drug patents and labor law are among the last sticking points.

There's huge pressure to wrap up negotiations this week; the longer they last, the more likely they are to impact the upcoming election cycle and fall apart. 

Tracey Samuelson reports from Maui on how the trade negotiations are progressing and what's left to work out. 

Click on the media player above to hear more.

Tom Cruise embarks on another Mission Impossible

Wed, 2015-07-29 14:23

The fifth installment of the "Mission Impossible" franchise, "Rogue Nation," opens Friday.

Tom Cruise stars as Ethan Hunt in a role that's been a consistent win for the aging action hero. Even amidst a rocky decade, this iteration of the franchise was a strong point for Cruise.

Wesley Morris, who writes on film for Grantland, says that Cruise "is a man who would honestly die for you," and it comes across in the "Mission Impossible" films. Cruise, who does his own stunts, is hanging from planes and holding his breath again in "Rogue Nation." 

Morris says the latest movie holds up — it's fun without poking fun at a dedicated audience.

"People like Cruise in this part," Morris says, even if the role has become a way for him to prove himself as a still-capable action hero. 

Morris has faith in Cruise and his latest film. "It does not feel like a cash grab the way that another 'Star Wars' saga feels like a cash grab," he says.

Click on the media player above to hear more.

Migrants risk all to get into Britain

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

A man died in the French port of Calais as hundreds of migrants tried to enter the Chanel Tunnel to cross illegally into the United Kingdom. The 20-year-old from Sudan was thought to have been crushed by a truck. He’s the ninth person to die attempting the crossing this summer. Several thousand migrants are camped out in Calais, and every night some of them try to jump on a truck or train and smuggle themselves through the tunnel into Britain.

This so-called “migrant activity" has caused massive disruption in trade and traffic between Britain and Europe, and it’s raised big questions about migration and asylum.

Why are so many migrants desperate to settle in Britain? Why – if they are genuine refugees – do they not claim asylum in the first safe country they reach, like Germany or France?   And why have the French not done more to contain the crisis in Calais? 

Click on the media player above to hear more.

Amazon's vision of a drone highway in the sky

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

What will Amazon’s drone highway in the sky look like? 

Probably not a drone highway. Amazon unveiled a proposal where low-level air space would be carved out for drones: 200 to 400 feet would be reserved for high-speed transit drones. Below, there would be space for low -speed local drone traffic, and above would be a no-fly buffer zone to keep drones out of manned-vehicle air space, aka flight paths.

“It’ll be far enough above that you won't have a constant stream of noise or a visual blight, but low enough that it would not worry pilots,” says Ryan Calo, professor of law at the University of Washington. 

Amazon shipping drones would share the space with drones doing other tasks like taking air samples, scanning railroad tracks and taking aerial video of a birthday party. 

Amazon's proposal

Courtesy:Amazon

Calo says we'll still be able to see the sky. "I think it’s going to be sporadic. I don’t think drones are suddenly going to darken the skies,” he says.

NASA’s Safe Autonomous System Operations Project has been working with businesses like Amazon to lay the groundwork for unmanned drones to navigate the skies safely. Parimal Kopardekar manages SASOP and describes how drones would collectively consult with a cloud-based source of flight rules.

“You connect into our system and see all the constraints on flight:  geo-fencing, airports, wildfires, temporary flight restrictions," he says. "We show all the weather-related things or community-related concerns like noise.” NASA's system would also let users create their own trajectories.

Kopardekar says you won’t necessarily see structured lanes or corridors in the sky unless demand becomes so dense there is no other way to manage. 

“It’s not a fixed structure,” he says. “You may see a vehicle that may go over some parts of air space one day, a different airspace the next day, depending on application and demand.”

Drones will need to clear some technological hurdles before such a system can become operational. They'll  need to be able to sense and avoid one another, buildings and things being thrown or shot at them. They will need to cope with weather or unexpected changes in airspace rules.

“That technology is underway,” says Brendan Schulman, vice president of policy and legal affairs for drone maker DJI. “But all those more sophisticated technologies are something the [Federal Aviation administration] has put off for now because they don’t quite know how to regulate that.”

In fact, the FAA’s preliminary rules on drones don’t allow for unmanned drones at all, let alone an unmanned system to manage them.

 “It would be a shame if we had to wait another 10 years” after all the technology and capacity is in place because the FAA hadn’t kept up, Schulman says.

Shareholders' review of Yelp? Not five stars.

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

Shareholders of the consumer review site Yelp are none too happy with the company's performance in the second quarter of 2015. Yelp announced today it lost $1.3 million. That follows equally disappointing losses the quarter before that. Truth is, there are now plenty more places people can go to find the best cheesesteak in Philadelphia or the hottest tapas place in San Francisco. And the competition for Yelp is only getting stiffer.

Neeru Paharia, who teaches marketing at Georgetown University, opens the Yelp app on her mobile phone. Her query? Simple enough: restaurants in Washington, D.C.

"It's sorted by best match, which, you know is ... like, what does that even mean?" she says.

What does that even mean? Critics of the site claim that Yelp filters search results based on its advertisers. The restaurants and businesses that buy ads get reviews closer to the top, they say. In reality, Yelp bases its results on what it knows about you, says John Byers, a computer science professor at Boston University.

"So are you a four-star diner?" he asks. "Are you somebody who wants to do something more casual?"

Yelp's algorithms do suppress a significant number of reviews, Byers says — the ones that it thinks are fake.

"Those algorithms are imperfect, so they do make mistakes," he says.

Another company that loves algorithms? Google. Which brings us to Yelp's other problem, according to Ben Edelman, who teaches tech strategy at the Harvard Business School.

"When you type in the name of a restaurant, it's by no means guaranteed that Google will send you to the Yelp page about that restaurant, nor for any other local business," he says. "Indeed, these days Google likes to send you to its own page."

Yelp has the traffic. Every month about 83 million users visit Yelp from their mobile devices.

"But how does that translate into actually making money, into selling ads, into convincing advertisers to pay or into something else?" Edelman asks.

He said those are details Yelp has yet to figure out, along with almost every other social media startup.

Looking for the bright side in Bakken's bust

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

Thousands of workers moved to rural North Dakota to take jobs in the Bakken oil field. Now, with global oil prices half what they were a year ago, there are fewer rigs, fewer trucks on the country roads and fewer jobs. Don Williams, who lives and works in Ross, says the bust could have at least one positive aspect.

Click the media player above to hear the interview with Don Williams.

Todd's series, "Black Gold Boom," is an initiative of Prairie Public and the Association for Independents in Radio.

 

 

A rural town hates the coming of high-speed trains

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

California's high-speed rail project will pump billions of dollars into the state. While cities like Palmdale welcome the bullet train and its economic benefits, some neighboring towns hate the planned rail project. Consider the small town of Acton.

Within Los Angeles County, you can't get closer to cowboy country than Acton. It's up in the foothills. A town of 10,000, Acton has two groceries and an equal number of stores that sell feed for horses.

"If they're coming to Acton, they're willing to forgo a Wal-Mart and a shopping mall," said Pam Wolter, who has been a real estate agent here for 25 years. "They're coming here for the peace and quiet and for the rural lifestyle."

All the homes in Acton have big lots — at least one acre. Wolter says the average price for a three-bedroom, two-bath house is about $500,000.

She says the proposed routes for the high-speed train scare away prospective buyers and make current residents think about selling.

"There [are] a lot of changes that are going to happen to Acton," she says. "And people are already getting concerned. If they're close to retirement age, and thinking they should move on now, while they can. So we see, as the real estate industry, a serious decline in property value."

Wolter drives me out to visit the actress Tippi Hedren. She's most famous for starring in Alfred Hitchcock's "The Birds." Now she runs the Shambala Preserve — a sanctuary for rescued big cats, like Zeus, the 500-pound lion.

"Zeus was living in Texas," Hedren says. "The son was graduating. And the parents said, 'We'll either get you a Lexus or a lion. One of the two.' And he said, 'I'll take the lion.'"

When Zeus grew too big for the Texas family, he moved here.

Hedren says one of the proposed routes for the high-speed rail would cross her property. "If it came through here, we couldn't be here because of the noise level," she says. "The Shambala preserve would not be able to exist here."

I asked if it wasn't fair to ask people along the planned train route to make a sacrifice for the sake of the environment, since the project would likely reduce the number of people driving in cars. But Hedren doesn't think consumers will really switch.

"Californians are not train riders," she says. "We're really not. When we go to San Francisco, we fly."

Hedren thinks the bullet train is obsolete before it's even been built.

Down the road, Ray and Elizabeth Billet grow peaches and pears. Her grandfather homesteaded here back in 1891. Sometimes they rent the property to movie producers.

"I had another one yesterday who wanted to film in August, and I says, 'Nothin' doin'," Elizabeth says. "Because we'll be picking peaches."

One of the proposed routes for the high-speed rail would cut across the Billets' property. Ray says they had planned to develop some of their land, which is zoned for small houses on 5-acre lots.

"That's gone," he says. "Nobody's going to want to live next to a damn railroad that's going 220 miles an hour."

And because almost everyone relies on wells, Ray says construction of the high-speed rail will ruin the town's drinking water.

Elizabeth says the project doesn't make economic sense for the state. "They don't have the funding for it."

After hearing so many complaints about the cost of the project, I turned to Jeff Morales, CEO of the California High-Speed Rail Authority. He expects the final funding will come from the private sector through a partnership with the state, and that the price tag could be less than the projected $68 billion.

"The bid prices are coming in considerably below our estimates," he says. "I'm confident that we're actually going to be able to drive down the cost of delivering this program."

Morales said the state's population is growing, and it needs more infrastructure.

"When you do a comparison, the cost of building more roads and more airports is about two to three times what the cost of high-speed rail will be," he says.

That argument doesn't carry a lot of weight around Acton.

The state won't make a final decision about the route for high-speed rail for at least a year. So, residents still have time to persuade officials to move the train's tracks somewhere else.

Uber will tell you your passenger rating now

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

I'm at the same time appalled and embarrassed.

The good people at Quartz — whom we produce a podcast with, by the way, called Actuality — noticed Uber has decided to let you know your user rating if you ask for it.

You know how users can rate drivers? They rate you, too.

Which gets me to the appalling and embarrassing part.

Turns out I clock in as an Uber rider at a mere three and a half stars out of five.

Uber will tell you your passenger ranking now

Wed, 2015-07-29 13:00

I'm at the same time appalled and embarrassed.

The good people at Quartz — whom we produce a podcast with, by the way, called Actuality — noticed Uber has decided to let you know your user rating if you ask for it.

You know how users can rate drivers? They rate you, too.

Which gets me to the appalling and embarrassing part.

Turns out I clock in as an Uber rider at a mere three and a half stars out of five.

Healthcare expenditures are picking up again

Wed, 2015-07-29 03:00

When it comes to healthcare, it’s generally understood we have a spending problem. Namely, we spend too much.

A new report from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services suggests expenditures are picking back up after a recent historic slowdown.

But even with the uptick, these numbers suggest the nation is making progress.

Cornell economist Sean Nicholson says he can see some good news tucked into this economic forecast.

“We should take some solace that we are seeing 5 percent projected increases,” he says.

In the 30 years running up to the Recession, the nation saw a 9 percent annual increase on average. According to this new report, over the next decade, we’re talking a 5.8 percent average.

So what’s changed?

Vanderbilt health economist Melinda Buntin says slow economic growth, higher insurance deductibles and new incentives that pay doctors and hospitals for valuable care rather than volume all are at play.

“What’s going on is that all of these things together are combing to create a climate in which different types of decisions are being made by thousands of decision-makers in the healthcare system,” she says.

This slowdown has gone on long enough that “I think we are seeing a new normal in healthcare,” says Buntin. “We can see it as evidence of a fundamental shift in the healthcare system.”

That said, the report points out prescription drug spending projections have risen sharply at more than 12 percent, the highest jump since 2002.

Evidence to Buntin that this shift will only last as long as the country keeps trying to control spending.

Should law schools pay if students don't get jobs?

Wed, 2015-07-29 02:00

Law school doesn't look like a great deal for many students. Tuition keeps going up, which means bigger loans to pay off.

But the job market for lawyers remains weak. At lower-tier schools, less than half of students end up with jobs as attorneys, according to a recent report from an American Bar Association Task Force.

Steven Harper, author of "The Lawyer Bubble," argues that those schools should be held accountable. The ABA task force proposes less-dramatic measures, like giving students more information about their prospective debt load. 

Click the media player above to hear more.

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