APRN Alaska News
The Legislature has been in special session for ten days, and held a half dozen budget hearings. On the other issues lawmakers have been called back for — Medicaid expansion and a sexual abuse prevention program — there have been zero meetings. The special session has mainly been characterized by gridlock. APRN’s Alexandra Gutierrez looks at one way to break it.
If you’ve been watching the Legislature the past few weeks things have been less West Wing and more Twilight Zone.
With the gridlock between the Republican majority and Democratic minority, the legislative branch and the executive branch, little has been accomplished. The same questions get asked on the state of the budget, and the same answers are given.
“I can’t say I’m an insider and know what’s going on, but as far as the public is aware, they’re not doing anything to break the impasse,” says attorney Douglas Mertz.
Mertz is a mediator with an office just a block away from the Capitol building (“It’s within shouting distance”). Mertz has been following the legislative session, and wondering why lawmakers have not reached a deal to close out their work.
“They’re ripe for some kind of intervention, like public policy mediation,” says Mertz.
While negotiation meetings have taken place between legislative leaders and the governor, there has not been a formal structure with a clear, mutually agreeable path to a resolution.
Mertz says there could be some merit in bringing in a third party to help guide the key players. And there’s precedent.
“Things have been done in other states,” says Mertz. “In Illinois, for instance, a few years ago they had a big issue that the legislature found intractable about telecommunications policy.”
So, they brought an outsider in to mediate between the stakeholders and come up with a solution.
“The legislature enacted it almost immediately,” says Mertz. “It was a real turnaround.”
Mertz says if he were mediating, he would get the leaders of the Republican majority and the Democratic minority in the same room, with plans to bring in the governor’s office at a later point. He would lay out some parameters.
“Well, one of the ground rules would have to be: Stop blaming the other guys,” says Mertz.
As in, no attacks via news releases or press conferences, and no Twitter bashing. The idea would be to focus on the policies instead of the politics.
“Break down all the big issues into small discrete issues, get them to think about what are the blockages here, and how we can get around them,” says Mertz. “Can we engage in some blue-sky thinking about different types of resolutions that we haven’t thought of before?”
Mertz would also ask them to consider the costs of not reaching an agreement.
In this case, those costs involve the literal expenses of keeping the Legislature operating, which can be as high as $30,000 for each day of special session. There’s the risk of government shutdown and damaging Alaska’s credit rating, if an agreement to fund state government for a whole year cannot be reached.
With Medicaid expansion, Mertz says there’s the loss of federal dollars that would pay for the program right now, as well as the human cost of poor people not getting health insurance.
Mertz has a few other ideas, if legislators are curious.
“I don’t know that I’m the right person,” Mertz says with a laugh. “But if I can help out, I’d certainly be happy to.”>>
And as far as his rates?
“They can afford me,” Mertz chuckles. “Don’t worry about it.”
Mertz says the Legislature could ask the state’s chief justice to appoint a mediator, if they’re looking for a neutral party. But he thinks some sort of conflict resolution could be valuable at this point — after all, it’s almost always cheaper than the alternative.
If you’re in a supermarket and see a product labeled “Alaska Pollock,” it could well be Russian-caught pollock. And the FDA considers that perfectly legal. U.S. senators Lisa Murkowski, and Maria Cantwell of Washington, are urging the Food and Drug Administration to change that practice.
At a Senate hearing yesterday on seafood issues, Cantwell had a simple question for an FDA witness: “Do you agree that the term ‘Alaska pollock’ would give consumers the impression that the product is from Alaska?”
Steven Solomon, the FDA’s deputy associate commissioner for regulatory affairs, didn’t answer directly.
But on the FDA’s official “seafood list,” the acceptable market name for the fish is either “pollock” or “Alaska pollock.” Same thing, says the FDA.
Cantwell says the policy allows Russian fish to masquerade as Alaskan, but she says the Russian fleet has “labor issues.” Cantwell cited the sinking last month of a Russian pollock boat that killed at least 65 crew members.
“These lives are being lost because of lack of training and survival skills,” she said, “and then consumers are seeing a product that’s labeled Alaska and it’s not really Alaskan pollock.”
The Bering Sea pollock fishery is one of the world’s most valuable, and it’s dominated by companies based in Cantwell’s state.
Jim Gilmore, of the Seattle-based At-Sea Processors Association, says Russian pollock is usually processed in China then re-frozen before it’s exported to the U.S. , and when it arrives, it’s priced lower than real Alaskan pollock.
“Russian pollock right now that’s imported into the U.S. takes about 40 percent of our domestic market. So being able to call it ‘Alaska pollock’ when its Russian pollock has been quite a boon for them,” he said.
This market name issue is different from the controversies over the USDA’s “country of origin” rules. Under those rules, Gilmore says a Russian-caught fish can be labeled “product of the U.S.” if it’s substantially transformed in America – say, turned into a breaded fish stick.
“But if FDA would grant our request, they wouldn’t be allowed to call it ‘Alaska pollock,'” Gilmore said. “That, we think, is misleading.”
Gilmore says the extra irony is that Russia last year banned the import of all U.S. seafood, in retaliation for the international sanctions that followed Moscow’s move on Ukraine.
“So now the Russians can sell their pollock in the U.S. and call it Alaska pollock, and we can’t even sell pollock into the Russian market,” he said.
Solomon, the FDA witness at the hearing, told Sen. Cantwell he didn’t know when the agency would decide whether to remove “Alaska” from *the* fish name. The request was made last fall.
Wasilla high school student Ariel Hasse has been named a 2015 Presidential Scholar. The seventeen year old has her sights set on a science career.
Hasse doesn’t wonder what she’ll do when she grows up. She says she already knows.
“I want to be a physicist, well, I suppose I should say I want to study physics and physics is something I am very interested in, particularly quantum mechanics and theoretical physics and bridging the gap between general relativity and string theory.”
Hasse, who is in her senior year at Mat Su Career and Technical High School in Wasilla has been selected as one of the two Presidential Scholars from Alaska who will travel to Washington DC in June for an awards ceremony. The other Presidential Scholar is Grant Ackerman, who attends West Valley High School in Fairbanks. Hasse and Ackerman are among 141 outstanding American high school seniors noted for academic achievement. Hasse says she’s been involved with math and science ever since she was in elementary school.
“I’ve always been really good at math, and I have a good aptitude for it. And then, I’d say in elementary school, there wasn’t a lot of opportunity for science, but if I think about it, there’s definitely some examples of me being interested in it, and then as I got into middle school, and I got involved in some of the extra curricular programs that my school offered, it was very clear to me that I had a passion for it. “
She was invited to apply for the presidential scholar award, one of over four thousand students nationwide.
Part of the application process is to write an essay about a photo that has personal significance. Hasse’s chose a picture of an early 1900s Physics Conference.
“Because it was the first conference that had a woman in attendance. And in the front row of the picture, you can see Marie Curie amongst all of her physics colleagues. And then I wrote about the importance of women in science, and how, while we have made progress, in the realm of science we have a lot more to go, because last year only three women attended the same conference, well over one hundred years later.”
Hasse says a lot of women don’t pursue degrees in physics, nor are there high percentages of women involved in chemistry or physical science programs. She says that could be fallout from cultural conditioning.
“We have these representations of women and what they are supposed to be, and how they are supposed to act. There are a lot of pressures on young girls in middle school, when you are developing a lot of your interests, that’s when I developed a lot of my interests. You have all of these physical and body image pressures and there’s a lot of social things that are happening and a lot of changes that are happening to your body. And we don’t support girls through this period, so they lose a lot of their interest in science.”
Hasse just got back from the National Science Bowl in Washington, DC and noted that few girls make the science teams. She says only 16 percent of the high school participants at the event were girls.
“You know it is easy to say that gender doesn’t matter, but there is something, there’s something that is allowing my male colleagues, good frients of mine, to engage in conversation about the fabric of the cosmos, while I struggle to get a word in. I see them easily come in and out of conversation as new people walk into the room, people that are male. But I fail to get on the table with them. “
Hasse leaves Wasilla again for the National Science Olympiad next week. She credits Mat Su Career and Tech High School teacher Barbara Petukh as an influence and a mentor. Hasse has taken leadership positions by founding the student government in her high school. She has served as president of the Mat Su Student Advisory Board and as president of the Alaska Association of Student Governments. She’ll attend California Institute of Technology in the fall.
A disagreement between neighbors living several miles outside Nome city limits is set to go to trial over a dispute that centers on what’s acceptable when it comes to noise—and smell—from a dog kennel.
The disagreement goes back to 2012, but came to a head in the Nome court in January. That’s when the neighbors—Kevin Bopp and his wife Lynn DeFilippo—squared off against the mushers—Nils Hahn and his wife and mushing partner Diana Haecker.
Bopp and his wife were asking a judge for an injunction: to put a stop to the noise and smell while awaiting trial by removing the dogs from the property.
In the back-and-forth between neighbors, Bopp and his wife say the sound and stench of living next to a dog lot has made life unlivable. And Bopp says the mushers who own the dogs should make it right.
“I can’t sleep in my home any more. My home’s not a place of retreat anymore. I’d like to live in my home similar to how it was before the dogs moved in, and it was a peaceful quiet place, and I can’t even come close to that.”
But musher Hahn says he and his wife are guilty of nothing more than raising a dog team in rural Alaska.
“All of those are allowed inside the city limits of Nome. So we’re about 4 miles outside of the city limits of Nome, and if they’re allowed here in town, I think they should be allowed in rural Alaska, in an un-zoned, unregulated area. And if we can’t have dogs out there, you can’t have dogs anywhere.”
Both sides allege bullying, as well as un-neighborly and even aggressive behavior, from the other. Compounding the issue is a question of “who was there first.” Documents submitted to the court show neighbors Bopp and DeFilippo bought their land in 2004, but didn’t build their house until 2008. Mushers Hahn and Haecker lived with their dog team on a different plot of land during that same time period—moving out in 2008 shortly before Bopp and his wife moved into their home. They weren’t neighbors—until the mushers moved back into the adjoining lot in 2012 with their kennel of about 30 dogs.
That’s when the “discomfort and annoyance” with the dog noise and odor began, Bopp says. Hahn says the mushers responded to initial complaints by adjusting their training schedule and feed times—but Bopp says it didn’t stop the noise or the smell. For Hahn and Haecker, the continuing clash was enough to motivate them to lead the effort to declare Alaska a “right to mush” state—a symbolic resolution signed by former governor Sean Parnell last year that signals the state’s support for mushing and related activities.
In January the lawyer of mushers Hahn and Haecker—Bethel attorney Myron Angstman, himself a musher with two Iditarod runs and a pair of Kuskokwim 300 championships under his belt—argued in the Nome court his clients have a fundamental right to keep dogs in rural Alaska.
“If there is a precedent established that outside Nome, seven miles, you can’t have a well-run kennel because your neighbors don’t like it, that would be a significant new step in the state of Alaska where mushing is very, very much valued,”Angstman said.
“Being able to say you can’t mush in certain places, and this is rural Alaska. If you can’t mush in rural Alaska, where else can’t you mush?”
Emphasizing that point were witnesses called during the January hearing, including Iditarod mushers Joe Garnie and Aaron Burmeister. Both testified the dogs Hahn and Haecker keep make “a typical amount of noise for a dog sled team,” and both spoke to the importance of mushing in rural Alaska.
But Jon Wiederholt, the lawyer for neighbors Bopp and DeFilippo, said the case has nothing to do with mushing. He told the court it’s simply about the noise and odor from the kennel.
“It’s never been an indictment of mushing or dog sledding or people who own those sorts of things, and it isn’t specifically a condemnation of the Hahns,” Weiderholt said. “It’s just [my clients’] right to be able to enjoy the property that they originally had.”
Lawyers for both sides point to a similar case from the mid-1990s involving renowned mushers Dan and Mitch Seavey and the family’s Ididaride Sled Dog Tours. Speaking for the family business, Danny Seavey—son of Mitch and grandson of Dan—said that case spent over a decade in court and soured longstanding friendships, but didn’t set any clear precedent for where a musher’s right to a kennel ends and a neighbor’s right to peace and quiet begins.
“The jury found us a nuisance, and declined to issue any damages,” Seavey said from the family business in Seward, estimating the damages to be “less than $5,000.”
“Then the judge did not issue an injunction,” he said. “We didn’t have to stop, but we were a nuisance. And there was no definition as to, now what?”
At the January hearing Kotzebue judge Paul Roteman ruled against an injunction: the dogs could stay where they are, for now. Using the City of Nome’s own ordinances for excessive dog noise as a guide, Judge Roteman ruled the noise made by the mushers’ dogs would be acceptable within city limits. Therefore, Rotemen wrote, they would be acceptable to a “reasonable person in an un-zoned rural community.”
That means the next step for the dispute is a jury trial for a permanent injunction to remove the dogs and decide the case for good, set to begin in Nome June 1.
An Alaska Native village corporation in Kodiak was the victim of a multimillion dollar cyber-swindle last month.
According to a statement by the corporation’s attorney, Alutiiq LLC, an Afognak Native Corporation subsidiary, lost $3.8-million through an unauthorized transfer to a fraudulent account in Hong Kong.
According to Peter Boskofsky’s statement, a fake email account was set up in Europe under the name of company CEO Greg Hambright, which was then used to perpetrate the fraud. The scam artist sent an e-mail, and then phoned, a controller at a corporate bank Afognak uses requesting an urgent transfer of the money to the HSBC Bank account of a fictitious third party in Hong Kong.
The transaction was not discovered for two days, but when it was, Boskofsky said a freeze was requested on the foreign account, the FBI was contacted and stricter money transfer protocols have been put into place. He added that Afognak’s company computers were not breached and their customer and shareholder information remained secure.
Afognak Native Corporation, headquartered in Kodiak, is a village corporation created under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act for the descendants of people from Afognak Island. It has about 900 shareholders.
Final approvals for Shell Oil’s exploration season in the Chukchi Sea are expected in the coming days. And while the company is struggling to secure a home port for its ships in Seattle, they’re still set to head north by June.
Now, the Coast Guard in Alaska is proposing a set of navigational buffer zones for when fleet arrives.
The Coast Guard wants to keep people and ships 100 yards away from Shell’s vessels while they’re underway, and 25 yards away while they’re at anchor.
That’s the same buffer the Coast Guard used in 2012, the last time Shell was in Alaska. But it’s smaller than the safety zones they’ve set up in Seattle.
Cmdr. Hector Cintron, the Coast Guard’s prevention chief in Anchorage, says the zones are based on the design of the ports and the amount of traffic nearby.
“The safety zones, in general, are simply needed to ensure the maximum use of the waterways,” he says, “and that’s consistent with safe navigation practices.”
The zones will also keep any protesters away from the fleet. In Seattle, the Coast Guard has set up a ‘First Amendment Zone’ near Shell’s potential terminal, where activists can assemble if they choose. But Cintron says they didn’t think they’d need one for protesters in Alaska.
“Much like any other mariner in the waterway, they would have to obey the regulation — if put in place,” he says.
The zones are out for public comment until June 1.
If approved, they’ll take effect two weeks later in Unalaska, lasting June 15 to July 1. They last all season in Kotzebue, from July 1 to Oct. 15.
That’s the same time frame for another proposed buffer zone — one to cover Shell’s drill ships when they’re at work in the Chukchi Sea. It would keep other traffic 500 meters away from the Polar Pioneerand Noble Discoverer.
Unalaska’s biggest seafood processor is getting ready to start a $100 million renovation for its docks and factories.
In late April, UniSea got the green light and the first of that funding from its Japanese parent company, Nissui. They’ve earmarked $21 million for a new cod and crab dock in Unalaska.
UniSea president Tom Enlow says their current dock predates the company itself, and is basically condemned.
“And so our primary focus right now is replacing that dock so we have a safe working wharf,” Enlow says.
They’ll remove the current over-water pilings and put in a sheet pile dock using rock fill blasted from the nearby hillside. Enlow says it’ll create about 33,000 square feet of new real estate. It’s the same style of dock the city wants to install at the Unalaska Marine Center.
UniSea’s project also involves adding new moorings for fishing vessels, and a new crane for hoisting crab. Construction will start early next year, during the height of cod and crab season.
“We can offload at other locations on our dock and basically lift-truck the product down to the plant,” Enlow says.
UniSea has been working on permitting this project since 2006, but it’s been delayed over concerns for protected species, like Steller sea lions. Enlow says he expects they’ll get permission to work around the animals by the end of the year.
When the dock is done, they’ll move on to the next phase of the project. Enlow says it’ll involve consolidating some satellite pollock processing lines.
The state ferry Tustumena has already missed its first sailings in May as it undergoes repairs in shipyard. Now, it’s delayed again — but its first trip to the Aleutians isn’t set to change.
The ferry will spend five extra days off the water, making its first trip between Homer, Seldovia and Kodiak on May 17. It will still set out from Homer for the Aleutian Chain on May 19, as planned.
Department of Transportation spokesman Jeremy Woodrow says the Tustumena needs more repairs to one of its firefighting water pipes to meet Coast Guard standards.
But once it’s cleared, he says he doesn’t expect the ferry’s abbreviated summer schedule to be impacted any more by state budget cuts.
“The Tustumena is unique — it’s the only ferry that calls on numerous communities. Changing the Tustumena’s schedule would affect many communities that are serviced by that one vessel,” he says. “Therefore, we almost necessarily need to keep that vessel intact and its service unaltered.”
The state is contacting this month’s affected passengers to help them rebook their trips. The ferry is still set to make its first stop in Unalaska May 23.
The path to unified management of Kuskokwim salmon stocks is uncharted, but along the way, the newly established Kuskokwim River Inter Tribal Fisheries Commission wants involvement at each step. That begins with tribal consultation in preparations for another summer of sacrifice. The commission’s inaugural meeting concluded Wednesday in Bethel.
Another weak run of king salmon is expected this summer after several years of decline. State and federal managers are planning a slate of restrictions on par with last years, which brought in the smallest king salmon harvest on record.
Delegate Arthur Lake of Kwigillingok wants tribes to be parts of the decisions.
“Management, not advisory. It’s our hope that state and federal managers and regulators embrace that,” said Lake.
The river will again be splintered between federal control below Aniak and state management above the community at the border of the Yukon Delta Refuge. What’s called a demonstration project for co-management is slated for next summer in the form of a federal committee with tribal and rural input on fish management, but this summer, the commission is pushing for tribal consultation on a level never seen before.
Commission Vice Chair, Nick Kameroff, of Aniak will be one of three chosen to meet at least weekly to consult with managers.
“Everybody hopes they’re received well. Of course we’re not going to have everyone happy, but I’m looking for the future of the resources, rather than my needs right now,” said Kameroff.
The needs are real for Phillip Peter of Akaichak looking at another tough year of closures.
“You mention 60 days, it’s really hard to swallow 30 days or 20 days or 10 days. It’s really hard to swallow,” said Peter.
A wide ranging discussion revealed a vast spectrum of ideas on what conservation means. Some delegates suggested using eight-inch mesh gear, which is designed to catch large king salmon or going back to the traditional wide open fishing schedule. Others pushed for a much more conservative approach.
Though not a delegate, Bethel’s Mary Sattler said the commission has a big opportunity and responsibility for the future of the at-risk king salmon.
“Our fishermen are so good at fishing, they’ll catch them all if that’s what the tribal fish commission wants them to do. The only way we can conserve this king run is if we say conservations starts with me, conservations starts with family, conservation started with my village,” said Sattler.
Jonathan Samuelson captured the commissions’ challenge in bringing together voices from the river. He represented Georgetown, but was raised downriver and upriver.
“We need to be mindful that we come from different worlds along the same river and be open minded and understand that people are going to have different options and different views. But that’s doesn’t mean we can’t come out of it with a untied voice,” said Samuelson.
The million dollar question is what federal and state managers do with a more vocal and organized tribal presence in another critical year.
Geoff Haskett is in charge of the US Fish and Wildlife Service in Alaska.
“This commission is going to have way more ability to influence decisions and discussions. We’ve been working on this for the latest month and a half, working with the state, trying to get as many comments as we possibly can. We’re not going to get everything right. But I need to let you know our intent is to utilize this commission to act upon the things we talk both and have more discussions. We’re trying,” said Haskett.
Closures on the lower Kuskokwim will go into effect beginning May 21st.
The Yup’ik fishermen who were cited for fishing during a closure on the lower Kuskokwim River will not appeal their case to the Alaska Supreme Court.
The Alaska Court of Appeals affirmed a lower court’s decision in March.
An attorney with Anchorage-based law firm, the Northern Justice Project, James Davis, who represented the fishermen, says they decided not to appeal for several reasons.
First, he said they did not think there was a very good chance of the Supreme Court acting to protect Native subsistence rights based on his interpretation of the court’s history.
Secondly, the court of appeals acknowledged that Native subsistence rights had a spiritual component, said Davis, and might be deserving of protections under the religious protections of the constitution and they did not want the Supreme Court to invalidate this idea.
Davis adds that the new governor wants to build bridges to the Native community and is interested in partnering with tribes.
In 2012, dozens of Yup’ik Alaska Native fishermen were charged with violating the Alaska Department of Fish and Game’s emergency orders when they fished for king salmon on the Kuskokwim River. Thirteen defendants appealed. The defendants argued their fishing was a religious activity, and that they were entitled to a religious exemption under the free exercise clause of the Alaska Constitution.
The court of appeals said the health of the diminished king salmon run outweighed the fishermen’s individual rights.
Davis says the better forum to challenge the state’s undermining of Native subsistence is in federal court, but says they are not pursuing a federal case now.
Davis adds that even though the Yup’ik fishermen didn’t prevail in court, they accomplished what they set out to do, which is to make the state acknowledge the critical importance of Native subsistence rights and their connection to Yup’ik spirituality.
Yukon Kuskokwim Delta tribes have been working toward tribal co-management of the Kuskokwim River’s struggling salmon population in meetings in Bethel this week.
Attorneys for Greenpeace Inc. have again asked a federal judge to dismiss a lawsuit by Royal Dutch Shell PLC seeking expanded, court-ordered safety zones to keep protesters away from Shell’s Arctic drill fleet.
In a motion filed Monday in Anchorage, Greenpeace attorneys say Shell has demonstrated no property damage or delay from protesters last month boarding the Blue Marlin, a heavy-lift ship crossing the Pacific.
The ship carried a drill rig leased by the oil company for use this summer in the Chukchi Sea.
Lawyers for the conservation group say Shell wants to stop peaceful, legal protests.
Shell attorneys last week said expanded safety zones are needed to protect crews and the protesters. They say Greenpeace’s boarding of the ship will cost the company time and money for inspections.
A federal judge has granted Alaska’s request to dismiss a lawsuit filed by the widow of a man who died in a 2010 military plane crash.
The Alaska Dispatch News reports that U.S. District Court Judge John Sedwick dismissed the civil lawsuit Monday. He says the flight was a military operation, making it immune to civil litigation.
The C-17 military cargo plane crashed during a July 2010 training flight for the Arctic Thunder air show at the Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson. The crash killed three Alaska National Guardsmen and one active duty Air Force member.
Theresa Dayton filed the suit against Alaska in December 2012. Her attorney argued that the plane’s pilot developed and used unauthorized flight maneuvers.
Her attorney did not return a call for comment Tuesday.
An argument between members of an Anchorage painting crew erupted into a shooting that left one man seriously wounded and another under arrest.
Anchorage police say 53-year-old Jeffrey Allen Skillingstad was taken into custody on suspicion of felony assault, weapons misconduct and reckless endangerment.
Police at 10:17 Wednesday took a call of a shooting on Lunar Drive west of Scenic Park Elementary School off Tudor Road.
Police say Skillingstad was part of a three-person crew painting condos.
An argument over painting equipment broke out. Police say Skillingstad shot one co-worker, striking him twice, and fled in a white van. He was arrested on Friendly Lane off Muldoon Road.
Skillingstad was jailed with bail set at $250,000.
Police say the shooting victim is expected to recover.
Rick Caulfield has been UAS’s provost, or chief academic officer, for the past five years. Prior to that, he was a professor at University of Alaska Fairbanks for about 20 years. He started out in the UA System as an instructor at UAF’s Bristol Bay campus in 1985.
As chancellor, Caulfield says his biggest challenge will be dealing with budget cuts.
“At this point, we’re still uncertain about the exact dollar amount that will impact UAS. We think it’ll be something like $2.3 million,” Caulfield says.
The school’s total budget is $59 million.
Across the three UAS campuses in Juneau, Ketchikan and Sitka, there are about 110 full-time faculty and 220 staff members. Caulfield says, due to the unfinished state budget, he doesn’t know how many positions the college will cut.
“But I would say, at the same time, we’re looking at ways to generate new revenue, whether it’s federal funding, grant opportunities or ways of attracting more students to our programs,” Caulfield says.
He hopes to build up UAS online degree programs. He wants to attract Alaskans who never completed college but want to. UAS has about 3,000 students, most are part-time.
Caulfield says he also hopes to expand the college’s programs in Northwest Coast art. UAS worked with Sealaska Heritage Institute to submit a federal grant proposal for $2.3 million.
Caulfield says he intends to maintain John Pugh’s legacy of focusing efforts on students who aren’t traditional students — people who work and have families while taking classes.
“He deeply cares about student success. He deeply cares about engaging with students and encouraging them in their education and my hope is to continue that practice of showing how at UAS we really care about the success of our students,” Caulfield says.
Caulfield is originally from California but just celebrated his 40th year in the state. He came to Alaska in 1975 and later married his wife Annie in Gustavus. He earned his doctorate in the United Kingdom in 1994 based on research on aboriginal subsistence whaling in Greenland and the Arctic.
With education a hot button issue in the ongoing budget debate, one school in Sitka is definitely safe this fiscal year. The state-run Mt. Edgecumbe High School will continue to receive $4.6 million from the Department of Education and Early Development (EED). That money goes directly towards boarding over 400 students from around the state.
Dionne Brady is a Mt. Edgecumbe alumna. Class of 1991. Back in February, when the House Finance Subcommittee was talking about what cuts could be made to education, she was surprised that Mt. Edgecumbe came up. The conversation, led by Representative Lynn Gattis of Wasilla, asked how much the school cost the state. But as Brady put it, the underlying question for many teachers and students was “whether or not Mt. Edgecumbe is even needed anymore, at all.”
Brady is a social studies teacher and she said her first reaction was denial. “Even as a government teacher who should have been more aware of the possibility that state revenue that’s so dependent on oil would decrease, that this school might not exist forever never occurred to me. I’ll confess that my second – because it’s like a second home to me – my second reaction was anger.
Brady took to the Friends of Mt. Edgecumbe Facebook page, which has almost 1000 followers. A network of alumni around the state began making phone calls, writing letters to legislators, and uploading photos of themselves with Braves sweatshirts and hats. Their colors are maroon and gold. Brady said it was a springboard point for lessons in her class, to “kind of show students how the government works and how the budget process works.”
“Underclassmen who definitely knew they wanted to continue their education at Mt. Edgecumbe were very worried at that time,” said Brady. “I think this just sort of validated what we’ve been telling them. That it’s not not an inalienable right for Mt. Edgecumbe to exist. In fact, we live in a fishbowl with people always trying to see whether Mt. Edgecumbe is doing the job it’s kept open in order to do.”
And according to the administration, what the school is trying to do is provide an educational alternative for students around the state, some in rural places with less opportunities. Ayla Reynolds is a new student I met at the beginning of the school year. She’s from Savoonga, an island in the Bering Sea.
“It’s a big world out there. There’s a lot of stuff to do than stay at home on an island,” said Reynolds. “It’s the same old routine every day on an island. I couldn’t envision how it was going to be [at Mt. Edgecumbe] because it’s a new adventure.”
Superintendent Bill Hutton said he’s relieved the funding will continue, but with one major hitch: it may not be enough this year to cover the rising cost of operating the boarding school. Contracts for dorms and food service, as well as personnel costs, are up.
“And with flat funding – flat sounds like it’s perfect, but really we have incremental increases in expenditures,” said Hutton. “We have to cut in order to be prepared for those.”
Also of major concern for Hutton is how much money the school receives from the legislature per student enrolled. The legislature proposed a cut of 1.1% to the foundation funding, which translates into $46,000 less for Mt. Edgecumbe. If that figure survives the special session, it will leave the school — and likely many others — with a deficit.
“As of right now, we’re about $220,000 short for next year,” said Hutton. The school’s annual budget is $10 million, with 45% coming from the legislature, 45% from the EED, and 10% from grants.
To prepare, Hutton is planning to purchases a minimum of school supplies, reduce travel for student activities, reduce dual-credit programs with the University of Alaska Southeast, and keep two and a half open teaching positions empty. But much is up in the air.
Hutton’s experience speaks to the odd situation many superintendents are finding themselves in as their await the final budget: to plan for a financial future with a foggy crystal ball.
One of Seward’s city-owned sewage lagoon is currently drained and non-functioning, according to a city schedule for maintenance. And that has caused a problem.
On Tuesday, the Seward City News reported litter being washed up on a local beach at high tide. The trash consists of small bits of cardboard packaging, some plastic individual condiment containers and cigarette butts. The debris is thought to be coming from Spring Creek prison. Sewage headed for the unused lagoon is supposed to be collected and trucked away, but some of it is escaping a primary screening process, according to Seward city executive liaison Jackie Wilde.
“We assume the debris came from Spring Creek [prison] but it’s condiment packages that haven’t been used at the facility for some time, they are not biodegradable. During the sludge removal process they got stirred up and made it through the screens that were on the pump and made it out on a fallout line.”
The city organized a cleanup plan Tuesday and is currently taking measures to mitigate the problem.
“The city public works has four people on the beach cleaning right now along with six people that are at the lagoon itself cleaning, and Spring Creek has been actually been very cooperative and has people on their site also.”
Cleaning efforts can only take place at low tide.
The trash washed up on Fourth of July beach and some is caught on a fence around the sewage lagoon. The Spring Creek Prison has a sewage outlet pipe near the beach. Sherrie Daigle, spokesperson for the state Department of Corrections, says minimum security inmates are helping with the cleanup.
Russ Maddox is a Seward resident who is active in environmental matters. Maddox says he was alerted to the mess Tuesday.
“Apparantly somehow they over flowed or some sewage or wastewater passed through without being filtered out and unfortunately it covered the beach right there. And so we went back out this morning hoping the city would be cleaning it up and sure enough they were there starting a cleanup and we checked it out. It was low tide so we could see it was all spread out through the intertidal zone, and there is a tidal pool right at the mouth of Spring Creek and the bottom of it is littered with this debris under waters. “]
The state Department of Environmental Conservation has been notified and is sending a site inspection team.
Stories are posted on the APRN news page. You can subscribe to APRN’s newsfeeds via email, podcast and RSS. Follow us on Facebook at alaskapublic.org and on Twitter @aprn.
Sen. Sullivan Lashes Out Against ANWR Management
Liz Ruskin, APRN – Washington, D.C.
The head of the federal Fish and Wildlife Service this morning appeared before a U.S. Senate committee to defend his budget. Sen. Dan Sullivan took the occasion to question him about the management of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Berkowitz Nabs Mayoral Victory After High Voter Turnout
Zach Hughes, KSKA – Anchorage
Anchorage voters elected Ethan Berkowitz by a wide margin yesterday to be the city’s next mayor. The runoff consisted of two candidates from opposite sides of the political spectrum.
Gov. Walker Establishes Pot Board
Alexandra Gutierrez, APRN – Juneau
Gov. Bill Walker has signed a bill establishing a board to regulate the marijuana industry.
Program Provides Housing, Life Skills To Help Youth Succeed
Anne Hillman, KSKA – Anchorage
Research shows kids who age out of foster care are less likely to finish high school, find jobs, or go to college. But one organization in Anchorage is trying to change the outcome for former foster kids and other young adults who need to learn the skills to live independently.
Education Department Funding for Mt. Edgecumbe Preserved
Emily Kwong, KCAW – Sitka
With education a hot button issue in the ongoing budget debate, one school in Sitka is definitely safe this fiscal year. The state-run Mt. Edgecumbe High School will continue to receive $4.6 million from the Department of Education and Early Development. That money goes directly towards boarding over 400 students from around the state.
Seward Struggles to Contain Lagoon Sewage
Ellen Lockyer, KSKA – Anchorage
With education a hot button issue in the ongoing budget debate, one school in Sitka is definitely safe this fiscal year. The state-run Mt. Edgecumbe High School will continue to receive $4.6 million from the Department of Education and Early Development. That money goes directly towards boarding over 400 students from around the state.
Tidal Echoes: Capturing Southeast Culture in Print
Elizabeth Jenkins, KTOO – Juneau
The latest edition of the University of Alaska Southeast literary journal Tidal Echoes was recently released. It takes a year to curate all of the work that goes into the book, which showcases poets, fiction writers, and artists. There’s only one requirement for submission: you have to be a full-time resident of Southeast.
In Congress, they call it “questioning witnesses” but it can sound a lot like verbal pummeling, as it did when Sullivan had his few minutes.
“How can the president of the United States, a couple of months ago, say he’s going to submit a bill to make the 1002 area wilderness — which is fine. He has a right to do that. It’s got to be approved here (in Congress). It won’t go anywhere. – but then in the meantime say I’m going to quote ‘manage the 1002 area for wilderness anyways.’?” Sullivan asked Dan Ashe, director of the Fish and Wildlife Service. “That’s what he said. On Air Force 1! To big fanfare!”
(President Obama’s video statement from Air Force 1 in January doesn’t use those words, but he talked about “designating” the coastal plain for “preservation.”)
Sullivan’s question includes an assertion has been making since January, after President Obama announced he was going to ask Congress to designate new wilderness areas in the Arctic Refuge. Sullivan alleges the Obama administration also changed how the area would be managed in the meantime. Sullivan says the coastal plain of the refuge – known as the 1002 area – is being managed as wilderness, the category of highest protection, that only Congress can grant. For Sullivan, it’s another case of the president overstepping his authority.
“How can he manage the 1002 area for wilderness, when you don’t have the authority to do that? Can you explain that to me? This is a huge issue for my state,” Sullivan said, gaining energy as he continued. “And I think you’re violating the law. I think the president is violating the law. How do you do that?”
Ashe at times attempted to answer a few times but the questions kept coming. Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., interrupted Sullivan to object to the inquiry style, but Chairman Jim Inhofe, R-Okla., overruled her and gave Sullivan more time.
The Fish and Wildlife Service insists it hasn’t changed its management on the coastal plain of the Refuge, an area within the South Carolina-sized federal property, in the upper right corner of the state, that Alaskan political leaders have been trying to open to oil and gas exploration for decades.
“It’s managed in an administration zoning category that we call ‘minimal management,” says Brian Glaspell, the manager of the Arctic Refuge. He says the zoning regime has remained the same since 1988.
“The wilderness recommendations of the Arctic Refuge don’t change how we currently manage any of the recommended areas, including the coastal plain,” he said.
As for how “minimal management” differs from wilderness management, Glaspell acknowledges the disparities are administrative, with little difference on the ground. For example: imagine scientists want to put a weather monitoring station in a refuge. If it’s a designated wilderness area, Glaspell says they have to go through a specific analysis to determine if the weather station is necessary for proper management of the area.
“It’s a fairly onerous process to go through that analysis and documentation,” he said. “In minimal management, though we similarly strive to maintain the natural conditions of the area, there is no requirement to conduct that kind of analysis.”
Sullivan’s spokesman says the service speaks out of both sides of its mouth. He points out that at the hearing, the director of the agency said they manage the 1002 area “to protect wilderness value.”
Also at the hearing, Sen. Cory Booker, a New Jersey Democrat, raised an issue sure to jerk some chains in Alaska. He sponsored a bill that would ban leg-hold traps and other body-gripping traps from all National Wildlife Refuges. Booker brought big photos mounted on poster board to the hearing.
“Last month in Missouri on public land, a mountain lion .. paw was found torn in one of these traps. They found nothing but the torn paw of a mountain lion,” he said.
Booker also showed a photo of a dead beagle in a trap. He says her named was Bella.
Trapping is allowed in all 16 of Alaska’s National Wildlife Refuges. Proposals to ban them surface frequently in Congress.
Four decades ago, Alaska Congressman Don Young famously stuck his hand in a leg-hold trap at a hearing, in an attempt to demonstrate that they aren’t inhumane.
Research shows that kids who age out of the foster care system are less likely to finish high school, find jobs, or go to college. But one organization in Anchorage is trying to change the outcome for former foster kids and other young adults who need to learn the skills to live independently.
Twenty-two-year-old Luke Guthrie shows off the sparsely furnished kitchen of the small two-bedroom apartment he shares with a roommate.
“This is my cabinet,” he says, pulling open the aged wooden door to reveal a stack of ramen noodles and other easy-to-prepare foods. “We both have one side, each of us. That’s my cabinet. That’s Jesse’s. This is our shared table.”
His fluffy, blazing orange ponytail flows behind him as he heads to the stove to put on a kettle for tea, eager to be polite and welcoming.
“Do you guys, like coordinate? Someone’s duty to dishes on one day…?” I ask, glancing around the tidy kitchen.
“Yeah, we have a rotation chart actually. That the program provides.” Guthrie pulls out a sheet of paper the outlines each of the duties.
Guthrie is part of the Living Independent ForEver program at Shiloh Community Housing in Anchorage. The program provides low-rent housing for young adults while also teaching them life skills, like learning to live with other people.
Guthrie says it was hard at first because he never saw his roommate.
“But one night he just came out and said ‘Hey man, wanna watch a movie?’ I was going ‘Alright.’ Apparently he had a movie I wanted to watch. I can’t remember what it was. It was about robots. Fighting or something else.” He shrugs.
Guthrie grew up in Ketchikan but moved to Anchorage to go to job training. When he finished, he didn’t want to go back to the drama of his family life. But he was young and shy and didn’t really have the skills to live on his own.
Shiloh Community Housing Executive Director Verna Gibson says many kids end up in the same situation. They come from rough homes or age out of foster care and have nowhere to go. They often don’t know what is and isn’t acceptable as responsible tenants.
“Nobody wants to rent to them. They’re not good renters. They don’t know all of the rules. They turn their music up too high; they throw trash on the ground.”
Gibson says many of her former foster kids had the same problem and they needed help transitioning into adulthood. So she worked with Shiloh Baptist Church to create the L.I.F.E. program back in 2008. They don’t provide anything for free. To live in the 8-plex apartment complex, the 14 young people have to start applying for jobs from day one.
“The Bible says if you don’t work, you don’t eat,” Gibson explains. He office is dotted with religious references though the program does not have any religious requirements. “They needed to understand that they needed to work to provide for themselves. But they needed the opportunity to be put in a position to increase their skills, get their GED or diploma, and do that in a safe, affordable environment.”
The residents also learn about financial literacy, hygiene, interviewing for jobs, and showing up to work on time.
L.I.F.E. graduate Jessica Steve says the program gave her a safe environment to make mistakes and learn from them. She was fired from a job because she chose to stop showing up.
“I knew the policy. I knew what I was doing. So I took responsibility for my actions. That’s another thing that Shiloh has taught me. To take responsibility for myself.”
Now, she’s starting a new job with a decent wage and knows she needs to be responsible.
Back at Luke Guthrie’s apartment, he comfortably settles into the old used couch in his living room with his cup of tea and smiles at Steve and another resident. The young adults interview each other to make sure they’re a good fit before joining the program.
“This program is like family. You gotta live like a family. Help each other,” Guthrie says.
Each week the entire group meets together to discuss their issues and their successes. He says this new, supportive family has changed his outlook on life.
“I feel more confident. More inspired. More outgoing. Before, I’m not going to lie, before, at work, as a janitor at the 5th Avenue Mall. Before, if I saw a homeless guy, I’d try to avoid him and stuff. But now, man, I just walk up, and buy him a meal if he’s hungry. I just feel like a nicer person.”
He’ll take those strengths and the skills he learned as an electrical apprentice to his new job as well. After acing the application test and the interview, he’ll begin as lead electrician for a cruise line railroad this summer.
Gov. Bill Walker signed a bill this morning officially naming the new State Libraries, Archives and Museum Building after Father Andrew P. Kashevaroff. The signing took place in the historical library in Juneau’s State Office Building.
Of Russian and Native heritage, Father Kashevaroff was the first librarian and curator of the Alaska Historical Museum and Library when it relocated to Juneau in 1919.
Bob Banghart is deputy director of the Division of Libraries, Archives and Museums.
“He was charged with the task of getting it on its feet and going forward with it, and if you look at the diagrams of the old facility, it would almost appear to be a cabin of curiosities. He was pulling in material from all over,” Banghart says. “But you read his writings and he was deeply engaged in social issue, the studying of cultures.”
Kashevaroff acquired thousands of objects for the museum. He held the position for 20 years until his death in 1940. Kashevaroff was also the Russian Orthodox priest of Juneau’s St. Nicholas Church.
Juneau Sen. Dennis Egan’s bill naming the SLAM building also honors former Rep. Richard Foster from Nome. A reading room upstairs in the facility will be named after him.
“Richard was in the archives all the time. If he was missing on the House floor, they’d have a page go down to archives and there would be Richard,” Egan says.
The Father Andrew P. Kashevaroff State Library, Archives, and Museum Building is being built in downtown Juneau. It’s scheduled to open to the public next May. Kashevaroff’s portrait will be on the Founders Wall located off to the right as you enter the facility.