National / International News
The Oxford English Dictionary added "photoshop" as a verb in 2006, but as the software turns 25 years old this week, the OED's definition seems incomplete. The word doesn't just mean to manipulate an image digitally, using software from Adobe Systems Inc., it's become shorthand for the way beauty industries present distorted and unrealistic images of women.
Thomas Knoll, who created the software and still works for parent company Adobe, takes issue with that association.
"That manipulation was nothing new in the market," Knoll says. "What Photoshop did, was make it easier to do."
Possibly, the software's ubiquity — coupled with digital networks — also makes that manipulation easier to see through. Commercial photographer Jesse Rosten sees both sides. He created a parody video about how software helps promote false images of women.
But he thinks maybe the constant leaks of un-retouched photos celebrity photos — Beyonce and Cindy Crawford are two recent examples — increases our awareness that beauty icons don't really look like their iconic images either.
"Back in the day when people were airbrushing negatives, you wouldn't have seen the original negative," Rosten says.
Photoshop has also created whole industries that no one could have foreseen — like Ben Huh's online empire. He's CEO of Cheezburger, a network of blogs devoted to funny cat photos and the like.
The blog I Can Has Cheezburger? is a leading purveyor of funny cat photos, and one of Photoshop's heirs.Courtesy of Cheezburger
The proliferation of crowd-sourced images means that the OED's definition of "to photoshop" is out of date as well.
"The vast majority of photoshopping, quote-unquote, that people do today, is actually [on] Instagram," says Huh.
It’s that time of the year, the 87th Academy Awards ceremony will take place at the Dolby Theatre this Sunday. Hollywood’s biggest stars will walk across 500 feet of red carpet in their designer suits and gowns to the industry’s biggest night, in hopes of winning an Oscar, perhaps the most recognized trophy in the world.
Marketplace host Kai Ryssdal spoke to Joseph Petree, the Design Director at R.S. Owens & Company, about manufacturing the golden statuette.
10 fun facts about the Oscars:
- The Oscar statuette was originally named the Academy Award of Merit. Although it is unclear where the nickname comes from, the most widely known myth is that the Academy’s librarian saw the statue and said it looked like her Uncle Oscar. The Academy officially adopted the nickname in 1939.
- The first Oscar was awarded in 1929 to Emil Jannings, named Best Actor for his performances in “The Last Command” and “The Way of All Flesh.”
- About 270 people attended the first official Academy Awards at the Blossom Room of the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, and tickets cost $5 each.
- An Oscar statuette stands 13½ inches tall and weighs in at 8½ pounds.
- The Oscar statuette was designed by Cedric Gibbons, chief art director at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and sculpted by Los Angeles artist George Stanley.
- The statuette is a figure of a knight holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes signifying the five original branches of the Academy: actors, directors, producers, technicians and writers.
- The first televised Academy Awards show was on March 19, 1953.
- R. S. Owens & Company in Chicago has manufactured the Oscar statuette since 1983.
- Each Oscar takes about 8-10 hours to make. R.S. Owens & Company manufactures about 50-60 Oscar statuettes per year.
- The Oscar statuette has more real gold on it than any other trophy.
From a nearby mountain, Kurdish forces can see Mosul, a key strategic hub. An Iraqi-led assault on the city is planned in coming months. For now, the frustrated men hold their territory and train.
Last fall, a federal jury found McDonnell and her husband guilty in a corruption trial that hinged on taking gifts and loans from a vitamin entrepreneur in exchange for favors.
Selling unpasteurized milk across state lines is illegal because it poses a threat to public health. But raw milk sales are growing nonetheless. Legalization would let states regulate a risky market.
Across Italy, newspaper headlines decry two days of "guerrilla warfare" in the heart of Rome and television news shows scenes of devastation.