National / International News
Gore was most known for her anthem of teen angst, but her career had multiple hits, as well as an Oscar nomination.
Emoji users sent a lot of ❤s over the Valentine's Day weekend. Maybe a kissy face or cat heart eyes face too.
But, what about when the message you want to send is a little less kissy, and more obscure? Have you ever wondered why you have the emoji choices you do?
Journalist Hannah Rosefield from Vice's Motherboard wrote about the politics of emoji diversity and where the future of the miniature illustrations is headed:
When Lego designed its stocky, squared-off human figures in the 1970s, it chose for the skin colour a bright, primary yellow. The yellow was recognisably human, yet artificial enough not to be identified with any particular race. You can see the same principle at work in the first 58 emoji on the Apple emoji keyboard: eight rows of yellow circles, raceless and genderless, each with a different expression.
After that, there’s a boy in a Chinese cap and a man in a turban. From then on, every human emoji is white. White couples hold hands, kiss, and nestle a white child between them; white girls in pink tops cut their hair and paint their nails. White hands clap and wave.
Not for much longer. Earlier this month the Unicode Consortium, the company that enables emoji to appear across different devices, released a draft report that includes a proposal for diversifying their emoji provision. While most emoji fans have been celebrating the news, others have reservations. Bernie Hogan, a research fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, recognises that current provisions are inadequate but fears that diversification will lead to a new set of problems. “When emoji become personally representative, they become politicised,” he told me.
Zuzii is a family-owned footwear manufacturing business that operates in Downtown Los Angeles. Ryan Campbell started the company six years ago with her sister Alex and mother Nikki.
The three Campbells work 16-hour days and make up to fifty pairs of shoes per day in their 4,000 square-foot studio. Zuzii makes shoes for women and children by hand, and they plan on launching a men’s collection this Summer.
The Campbells have created a three-station system: Ryan cuts Italian leather into the five pieces that create a shoe, Alex adds the shoe eyelets and size numbers, and Nikki sews and glues the shoes together.
All of the shoes are handmade to order, yet Zuzii keeps their prices relatively low.
“We feel like it’s a very fair price point for goods that are made in the U.S. We structured our manufacturing in a way that we could offer that,” says Ryan Campbell. “We don’t use sales reps and traditional advertising – that’s something we decided to abandon. We rely on Instagram and Facebook and our customers and their experience with the product and word of mouth to get the brand out there.”
The ladies are proud of their business and are glad they are able to manufacture their goods in the U.S. – while being debt free.
“We’ve grown slowly but it’s allowed us to make really stable decisions,” Ryan says. “As a U.S. manufacturer, there were a lot of uncertainties. Would it work? Would it be accepted? Would it continue to grow? So we didn’t want to bury ourselves in debt and have it not work out.”
In 2013, angered at the Egyptian government's slow transition to democracy, the U.S. suspended some military aid to Egypt. By purchasing French-made jets, Cairo may be sending Washington a message: We have other suppliers.
"Military aid," though, is a tricky term. In this case, it means that Washington gives Egypt a grant of more than $1 billion a year to buy American-made tanks, jets, and armored personnel carriers. If aid is suspended, American military industries take the hit. Thus, the economic implications of a U.S.-Egypt fallout may be as worrying to some as the geopolitical implications.
Amy Hawthorne, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, thinks Egypt's purchase is mostly about French economics. The defense sector is an important part of France's struggling economy. Egypt's $5.9 billion purchase could offer France an important boost. Hawthorne says the terms of the deal suggest that if Egypt should default on the loan for the weapons, the French government will cover the cost.