National / International News
Every year, the federal government spends more than $180 million to educate neglected and delinquent kids. A big chunk of that money goes to residential juvenile facilities. Tens of thousands of kids pass through these facilities each year — some for just a few months, others for much longer.
Historically, the juvenile justice system has not done a very good job of educating these kids. The challenges are well established: too few teachers, too few resources and a focus on punishment rather than rehabilitation.
Many juveniles enter the system already failing in school or far behind. Many also suffer from emotional problems, learning disabilities and language barriers.
Research shows that rather than making up lost ground, many juveniles lose ground while inside. Many never return to high school once they are released, or drop out once they do.
In December 2014, the Department of Education and Department of Justice issued new guidance urging states to make education a top priority in the juvenile justice system.
Among the recommendations: improve funding; focus on hiring and retain high-quality teachers; and provide students the type of education technology that is more common in public schools.
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Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel faces four opponents in the city’s February 24 election. He started election season with low approval ratings but has a sizeable lead in fund-raising. With some $19 million dollars in contributions, according to figures compiled by WBEZ in Chicago, Mayor Emanuel has raised more than four times as much as all of his opponents, combined.
Bob Fioretti is a member of Chicago’s city council, running for Mayor. Which means dialing for dollars, even during an interview.
With a reporter in the room, he gets lucky. Somebody actually picks up, and commits to a $5,000 donation.
After hanging up, Fioretti says, "I should have you in the room all the time."
Fioretti is rarely this successful, and he is way, way behind. This interview takes place less than a week before election day, and Mayor Rahm Emanuel has almost 17 times as much money as he does.
In a recent poll from the Chicago Tribune, a fifth of voters didn’t know who Fioretti was.
"If you can’t raise money, you’re not a player," says Paul Green, a Roosevelt University professor who has been watching Chicago politics for generations.
"Let’s face it," he says. "If you want to raise money, it’s better to know rich people than poor people."
It's a strategy that has been working for Mayor Emanuel. Last summer, his approval rating was below 30 percent. But, with the help of six-figure donations, he’s advertising on TV, and he’s been climbing in the polls.
More than half of Mayor Emanuel’s donations come from outside the city limits, and about half of those come from outside of the state of Illinois.
Paul Green thinks this isn’t really an upgrade from the old, infamously-corrupt Chicago political machine. "They were really more honest than the way we raise money now," he says. "They would go door-to-door and talk to you."
Emanuel’s profile is consistent with that of members of Congress with national reputations, according to David Levinthal, a reporter for the Center for Public Integrity, which tracks political money nationwide.
Those politicians share a consistent trait, he says. "They get the lion’s share of the money, not from their home state, or their home district, but from everywhere else."
For incumbent politicians, Levinthal says, the rules are simple.
Second: "Raise a whole lot of money," Levinthal says. "If you do those things, that is a recipe for success."
Emanuel's success is not a sure thing. A week before election day, polls showed 45 percent of voters supporting him. But in Chicago’s non-partisan election, he needs 50 percent — plus one vote — to avoid a runoff.
For some of us, the recent run of freezing temperatures and snowstorms has made getting to work rough, a frustration, and certainly an inconvenience. The lucky ones can work from home for a day or two, distracting cooped up kids with screen time.
Some of us aren’t so lucky, even when public transportation has shut down and all the cabbies stay home.
New Jersey-based wood worker Kelly Conklin says when the weather turns nasty, he tells it to his 13 employees straight.
“Use common sense. Our general policy is we are not asking anyone to risk their lives for this,” he says.
Productivity suffers a bit, says Conklin.
But after 30 plus years running his business he says he’s learned a simple lesson: The day after the storm, without any prompting from him, everybody puts in a little extra for a boss who is reasonable.
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YouTube launches a kids app on Monday. It comes with a filter for content, kid friendly design, and a parental timer for how long kids can play. It’s just one of several new media platforms targeting kids. Targeting kids is, of course, not new. There is a long and storied history going from SpongeBob back to Sesame Street and before.
What's new is how children and teens can and do consume content.
"They are massively nonlinear," says John Rose, a partner at Boston Consulting Group. "They watch and play what they want, when they want." Children grow up migrating from phone to PC to tablet, with on demand content as the norm. The idea of the TV as a the only source of content or even the first source of content doesn't really make sense to them.
YouTube's numbers appear to prove it: viewing of family-friendly entertainment channels is reportedly growing four times faster than for the rest of YouTube. Netflix has begun creating children-oriented original content, and Rose says he wouldn't be surprised if others joined in.
"What we're seeing now is the emergence of a new set of players," he says. "A rededication to find new audiences based on the mobile tablet and digital online pathways." Faster connection speeds and more ubiquitous wireless all help.
James Steyer is CEO of Common Sense Media, an advocacy group that rates content for child and family friendliness. The group also reviewed YouTube's app.
"This is clearly a business decision," he says, referring to the general pivot among new media firms toward children. "Parents and educators out there need to be aware that the reason companies are targeting kids is in order to make money."
The fact that ads may accompany or derive from a child's viewing experience means parents should watch both for content and ads. "We have to be extra vigilant that those ads when allowed are appropriate and that parents talk to their kids about the consumeristic messages kids are going to get along with the content," says Steyer. Common Sense Media reviewed YouTube's Kids App.
Focusing on kids content has been a market strategy for decades, and every new technology or platform has found its own way of getting in on it. Youtube and Netflix are the latest newcomers.
Snapchat just might become the world’s third most highly valued start-up, coming up behind Xiaomi and Uber. News broke last week that the instant messaging service, whose content disappears within seconds, is seeking a valuation that could go up to $19 billion.
What makes Snapchat worth that much money? For one, it just launched a new feature called Discover. It’s made up of several channels, via which Vice, CNN, National Geographic and others will broadcast content according to deals they signed with Snaphat.
“They all want to reach Snapchat users who are young, they are millennials, they are the cool kids,” says Will Oremus, a senior tech writer at Slate, who has written about how the app often confuses him.
“We are confounded by snapchat, the little buttons don't make any sense,” he says.
A self-proclaimed “oldster,” Oremus, 32, says he is 148 in “Snapchat years.” And this, he thinks, is at the heart of Snapchat’s success. It appeals to teenagers and millennials because older people don’t use it. And they don’t use it because it’s confusing, according to Oremus.
Take Facebook, for instance. When it first launched, Oremus says, it was popular among college-going kids because it took some time to figure out and it was largely used by youngsters. Using Facebook effortlessly, and constantly sharing on it, was part of a secret knowledge they shared. But soon people of all ages started using Facebook. Today, Facebook, according to Oremus, is for “the uncool kids and, more than that, for the uncool parents.”
Oremus says this is similar to a theory put forward by venture capitalist Andrew Parker in his blog. In that post, Parker talks about “the secret knowledge culture of gaming,” and how each game came with its own set of cheat codes, passwords and “hidden artifacts.” He writes that this turned the “secret knowledge” into a “shared experience.”
“Snapchat, in its way, is about secret knowledge, too,” says Oremus. “It’s cool because the parents can’t figure it out. The way the kids figure out is they show each other. That’s what makes it fun.”
During his Oscar acceptance speech, John Legend stated, "We live in the most incarcerated country in the world. There are more black men under correctional control today than there were under slavery in 1850." Vox looked into the numbers behind the statement, finding that 1.68 million black men are currently under correctional control, not including those who are in jail serving short sentences or are awaiting trial. That's more than the 872,924 black men who were enslaved in 1850. While the growth in overall population in the U.S. makes the statistic slightly misleading, Vox points to other equally alarming studies on how incarceration affects the lives of black men.80 cents
Speaking of the Oscars, Best Actress in a Supporting Role winner Patricia Arquette used her acceptance speech to call for equal rights and pay for women. As Fusion reports, she has a point. Women still only made 80 cents to a man's dollar in 2014 — a slight improvement over previous years that's credited to the recession hitting men harder.$14.5 billion
That's the value of the deal in which Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. will pay $10.1 billion for Salix Pharmaceuticals Ltd. As reported by Bloomberg, Salix is soon expected to get approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treating irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.$19,483,430
That's how much Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel has raised for his re-election campaign thus far. That's four times the amount raised by his opponents (see chart below). Like any election, it helps to know rich people. And as some are pointing out, this new electing funding structure may be no better than the old, infamously-corrupt Chicago political machine.
That's how many Android apps ask for only access to users' network connectivity and access to the power data, meaning no GPS information is provided. But that doesn't mean these apps can't figure out where you are. New research shows that location can be determined by how your phone is using power — the further away a signal, the harder the phone has to work. As reported by the BBC, even though activities like listening to music and using social media also contribute to battery loss, the researchers were able to create an algorithm that discounted these factors.
The words college students use to describe their professors say a lot about how men and women are judged differently.