National / International News

Day in pictures: 15 September

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:51
News images from around the world: 15 September

Scores of migrants 'drown off Libya'

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:46
Scores of migrants, mostly from Africa, are feared to have drowned after a boat sank off the coast of Libya, officials say.

VIDEO: Why has dogs' home fire raised £1m?

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:43
Why did the fire at Manchester Dogs' Home on Friday capture the public's imagination and raise £1 million within 24 hours?

Woman dead in multi-vehicle M1 crash

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:41
A 36-year-old woman dies in a multi-vehicle crash on the M1 motorway in Bedfordshire.

AUDIO: Apple targets TV as a '1970s device'

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:38
A comment by Apple CEO Tim Cook has sparked debate regarding whether television is keeping up with changes in technology and consumer demands.

VIDEO: Two Britons 'dead on Thai beach'

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:33
Foreign Office looking into reports that two British nationals have been found dead on Thai beach.

OECD sees global economy held back

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:27
A slow recovery among nations using the euro is holding back the global economy, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development says.

AUDIO: FT redesign part of 'digital strategy'

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:27
The Financial Times has redesigned the print version of the newspaper, corresponding with a shift of focus to online content.

Parking row neighbour hit with pole

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:24
A driver is told he faces jail after breaking his neighbour's arm with a scaffolding pole in a dispute over parking.

Matisse show Tate's biggest success

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:21
An exhibition of Henri Matisse's cut-out art is the most successful exhibition held to date at the Tate with more than 560,000 visitors.

VIDEO: 'Audacious' comet landing site chosen

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:20
Europe's Rosetta mission team, which aims to land on a 4km-wide comet later this year, identifies what they think is the safest place to land a small robot craft.

Alcohol seized from 'formal' buses

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:20
A large quantity of alcohol is seized from seven buses in Keady, County Armagh, carrying mostly underage teenagers to a post-formal event.

Canon printer hacked to run Doom

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:19
A wireless Canon Pixma printer has been hacked by a security researcher to run classic video game Doom.

VIDEO: The Script's video shot in township

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:18
The Script spoke to BBC Breakfast about filming their new video in South Africa.

Navigating a data driven education

Marketplace - American Public Media - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:08

Meet the most measured, monitored and data-mined students in the history of education.

Your children.

From the time they get on the school bus, until they close their laptops at night, there’s a good chance data are being collected on their whereabouts, their learning patterns, their classroom behavior, what they eat for lunch, the websites they browse on their school computers, and maybe even the amount of sleep they get.

It’s all part of what we’re calling The Quantified Student.

Schools have always gathered basic data on kids—attendance, grades, disciplinary actions—but now that those records are digital, a school can better spot trends and patterns. 

Most states also gather student data in what are known as state longitudinal data systems, with the underlying theory that "better decisions require better information.

There are no laws requiring that states publish a list of the types of data they collect on students, and it can be hard information to track down.  Marketplace has put together a list of data nearly every state collects. 

One of the main reasons for this student data grab is the belief that the more educators know about how a child learns, the better learner he can be.  The more you know who is struggling with which part of the lesson, the better you can tailor an education to that child.

If you've been around a school in the last few years, it's likely you've heard the buzzwords associated with the data-driven classroom: individualized learning, personalized learning, differentiated learning

They’re all based on data. And in some schools, millions of pieces of data are being collected on individual children every week.

Parents may know  little about what is being collected, or how it is being used.

A lot of  student data collection is baked into the way schools run. Student data management services like Pearson PowerSchool gather data on 13 million kids every year. Learning software programs can gather millions of points of data on how a child learns in a single day.

There are laws that allow parents to set some limits on what student data is collected and who can see it.

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) limits how school records can be shared.  It also gives parents the right to request a record of their child's data and to opt-out of some data sharing.

The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) limits the data that can be collected online from children under the age of 13. 

The Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) requires parental consent before minors participate in some school surveys. 

States have also passed their own laws to safeguard student data.

But, privacy experts say there's still a whole lot more work to do--to make sure student data doesn't fall into the wrong hands or get gobbled up by marketers and other parties interested in targeting kids with products and services.

If we've learned anything over the last few months, between the NSA revelations and the massive retailer data breaches, it's that our personal information may not be as private as we'd like to believe.

To embed the "State by state guide to student data collection" widget, paste the following code into your page.
<iframe src='http://marketplace.org/sites/default/iframes/learningcurve/sldsmenu.html'style='border:0;width:300px;height:896px'></iframe> span.introduced {background-color:#8CD195; height:20px; width:20px; float: left; margin-right: 5px; } span.rejected {background-color:#DF876A; height:20px; width:20px; float: left; margin-right: 5px; } span.newlaw {background-color:#6FC4C1; height:20px; width:20px; float: left; margin-right: 5px; } span.federal {background-color:#909185; height:20px; width:20px; float: left; margin-right: 5px; } .billinfo p{ margin-left:25px; margin-right: 25px; } div.info.legend {display:none;} p.bodyheader{ color: #222; margin:15px; font-size: 14px; line-height: 1.4; } .iconsection { margin-top: 0px; font-family:"Trebuchet MS", Helvetica, sans-serif; color: #222; font-size: 10px; margin-right:15px; line-height:1.1; list-style: none; margin-left: 0px; padding-left:0px; display: none; } #projectmap{ position: relative; } .iconlist{ /*margin-bottom: 3px;*/ clear: left; margin-left: 0px; height: 40px; margin:0px; display: none; } p.textheader{ font-family:"Georgia", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; background-color:#333; color:#fff; padding:.5em 1em; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; margin-bottom: 5px; } /* Modal styling */ #state p { padding:10px 15px; margin:0!important; font-size:1.4em; font-family: helvetica, sans-serif; font-weight:bold; color:#fff; background-color:#990000 } #statecontent li { font-size:.85em; } #close_modal { position:absolute; right:-10px; top:-10px; } #close_modal img { width:25px; cursor:pointer; } #map { width: 100%; max-width: 740px; height: 425px; z-index:1; padding-top: 5px; } #billinfo{ position:absolute; display:block; top:0; height:100%; left:0; width:100%; background-color:#333; background-color:rgba(0,0,0,.85); z-index:5; } #statecontent { z-index:1000; position:absolute; background-color:#ddd; width:70%; top:250px; margin-left:-35%; left:50%; border-radius:3px; } #billtext{ overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: scroll; height: 300px; } .info { padding: 6px 8px; font-weight: bold; background: white; background: white; box-shadow: 0 0 15px rgba(0,0,0,0.2); border-radius: 5px; opacity: 1.0; } .upright { visibility: hidden; opacity: 1.0; background-color: white; } .info h4 { margin: 0 0 5px; color: #777; } button.filter { -moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.5); -webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.5); border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.25); text-align: left; font-size: 9px; color: #0000FF; background-color: #FAFAFA; padding-bottom: 5px; height: 37px; width: 160px; margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px; padding-left: 0px; padding-right: 0px; font-family: Georgia,"Times New Roman","DejaVu Serif",serif; } /************ LEGEND ************/ .maplegend { list-style:none; padding:0; margin-top: 0; float: left; padding-top: 3px; } .maplegend li { margin0; font-size:.75em; font-family:helvetica, sans-serif; height:20px; margin-left:-16px; } .iconsection{ float: left } .filtersection{ width:100%; } button.reset{ background-color: white; box-shadow: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 8px; color: #0000FF; } button.filterbrowser { -moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.5); -webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.5); text-shadow: 0 -1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.25); border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.25); text-align: left; font-size: 9px; color: #0000FF; background-color: #FAFAFA; float: left; margin-right: 5px; clear: left; margin-top:-3px; height:42px; margin-left: -12px; padding-left: 0px; } .filter:hover{ background-color: #CEE3F6; } p.tooltips { position: relative; display: inline; margin-left: 5px; margin-right:5px; } p.tooltips span { position: absolute; width:270px; color: #0000FF; background: #FAFAFA; border: 2px solid #03C4FF; height: 120px; line-height: 20px; text-align: center; visibility: hidden; border-radius: 25px; padding-top:20px; } p.tooltips span:before { content: ''; position: absolute; bottom: 100%; left: 50%; margin-left: -12px; width: 0; height: 0; border-bottom: 12px solid #03C4FF; border-right: 12px solid transparent; border-left: 12px solid transparent; } p.tooltips span:after { content: ''; position: absolute; bottom: 100%; left: 50%; margin-left: -8px; width: 0; height: 0; border-bottom: 8px solid #FAFAFA; border-right: 8px solid transparent; border-left: 8px solid transparent; } p:hover.tooltips span { visibility: visible; opacity: 0.9; top: 30px; left: 50%; margin-left: -76px; z-index: 999; } @media only screen and (max-width: 568px){ #map{ height: 250px !important; } .iconsection{ display: block; } .iconlist{ display: block; } #icondesktop{ display:none; } } @media only screen and (max-width: 768px ) { #statecontent { width:300px; margin-left:-150px; } .iconsection{ display: block; } .iconlist{ display: block; } #icondesktop{ display:none; } }

Student data privacy laws around the nation

In 2014, many states considered or passed new legislation protecting student data. You can see which states responded to which issues by clicking on the icons below. You can also click on each state for more details about its laws.

Cloud-computing restrictionsStates which have passed or considered legislation restricting cloud-computing services and vendors.

Limits marketing to studentsStates which have passed or considered legislation restricting the use of student data for marketing

Limits data sharingStates which have passed or considered legislation restricting how student data is shared.

Increases transparencyStates which have passed or considered legislation making the data-collection process more transparent.

Limits data collectionStates which have passed or considered legislation limiting the kind of information that schools and agencies can collect.

Reset view

Laws:

Bills:

  • States with new privacy laws
  • States with legislation introduced in 2014
  • States where legislation was defeated
  • States which rely solely on federal laws
  • New laws or legislation restricting cloud-computing services and vendors.
  • New laws or legislation restricting the use of student data for marketing
  • New laws or legislation restricting how student data is shared.
  • New laws or legislation making the data-collection process more transparent.
  • New laws or legislation limiting the kind of information that schools and agencies can collect.

Sources: Marketplace research and Data Quality Campaign data

var icons = [] var cloudicon = '' var marketingicon = '' var sharingicon = '' var transparencyicon = '' var collectionicon = '' var stateData2 = [] var law = document.getElementById('law'); var bill = document.getElementById('bill'); var billinfo = document.getElementById('billinfo'); var statespan = document.getElementById('state'); sorting(dandata, "cloud") var clouddata = syncData(dandata,statesData); sorting(dandata, 'collection') var collectiondata = syncData(dandata,statesData) sorting(dandata, 'sharing') var sharedata = syncData(dandata,statesData) sorting(dandata, 'transparency') var transparencydata = syncData(dandata,statesData) sorting(dandata, 'marketing') var marketingdata = syncData(dandata,statesData) //function to sort JSON object by filters function sorting(json_object, key_to_sort_by) { function sortByKey(a, b) { var x = a[key_to_sort_by]; var y = b[key_to_sort_by]; return ((x < y) ? -1 : ((x > y) ? 1 : 0)); } json_object.sort(sortByKey); } //displays description of each bill function billPanel(state){ var i = 0; var firstlaw = true; var firstbill = true; law.innerHTML = ""; bill.innerHTML = ""; bill.style.visibility = "hidden" while(databills[i].State != state){ i++ } if(databills[i].State != null){ statespan.innerHTML = '

' + databills[i].State + '

'; do{ if(databills[i].billlaw == "law"){ if (firstlaw){ law.innerHTML = '

' + "Laws:" + '

'; firstlaw = false } law.innerHTML += '

' + databills[i].BillNumber + '

' + databills[i].Summary + '
' + '

' + databills[i].Status + ", " + databills[i].Date + '

'; law.style.visibility = "visible"; }else if (databills[i].billlaw == ""){ if (firstbill){ bill.innerHTML = '

' + "Bills:" + '

' + "This state considered legislation at some point in its 2014 legislative session. The bill, or bills, were neither passed nor voted down. Many states are near the conclusion of their legislative year, but some of these bills could still be passed. Many states considered multiple bills. The types of issues that the legislation addressed are described by the icons accompanying each state on the map." + '

' + "To read the legislation in full, click on each bill‘s number." + '

'; firstbill = false } bill.innerHTML += '

' + databills[i].BillNumber + '

' + '' + '

' + databills[i].Status + '

'; bill.style.visibility = "visible"; }else if(databills[i].billlaw == "dead"){ if (firstbill){ bill.innerHTML = '

' + "Bills:" + '

' + "Legislation was considered in this state, but was voted down. To read the rejected legislation in full, click on each bill’s number." + '

'; firstbill = false } bill.innerHTML += '

' + databills[i].BillNumber + '

' + '' + '

' + databills[i].Status + '

'; bill.style.visibility = "visible"; }else{ law.innerHTML += '

' + "This state follows federal laws governing student data. The two main student data laws are the Federal Education Rights Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Children‘s Online Privacy Protection Rule (COPPA)." + '

' + "FERPA limits how, and with whom, a student‘s educational records are shared. It also gives parents the right to look at their child‘s records."+ '

' + "COPPA limits the data a company can collect online from a child under the age of 13, and would be the main source of restrictions for any company that receives student data." + '

' + "A bill was introduced in Congress in July to update FERPA with new restrictions on using student data for marketing, a mandate for more transparency on what data is being collected, and new requirements for data security." + '

' } i++ } while (databills[i].State == state) } } var buttonpushed; //create the map if(parseInt(window.innerWidth) < 786){ var zoom = 3 }else{ var zoom = 4 } var map = L.map('map').setView([39.8, -97], zoom); L.tileLayer('https://{s}.tiles.mapbox.com/v3/dabendschein.j88bdg63/{z}/{x}/{y}.png', { attribution: 'Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, CC-BY-SA, Imagery © Mapbox', maxZoom: 13 }).addTo(map); map.scrollWheelZoom.disable(); // control that shows state info on hover var info = L.control(); info.onAdd = function (map) { this._div = L.DomUtil.create('div', 'info upright'); var emptystate = " " var emptyicons = [] this.update(emptystate, emptyicons); return this._div; }; info.update = function (state, icons) { this._div.innerHTML = '' + state + '' + '
' + icons[0] + " " + icons[1] + " " + icons[2] + " " + icons[3] + " " + icons[4]; }; info.addTo(map); function filter(criterion) { buttonpushed = criterion if (criterion == 'cloud'){ stateData2 = clouddata }else if (criterion == 'collection'){ stateData2 = collectiondata }else if (criterion == 'sharing'){ stateData2 = sharedata }else if (criterion == 'marketing'){ stateData2 = marketingdata }else{ stateData2 = transparencydata } map.removeLayer(geojson) geojson = L.geoJson(stateData2, { style: restyle, onEachFeature: onEachFeature }).addTo(map); } function reset(){ map.removeLayer(geojson) geojson = L.geoJson(statesData, { style: style, onEachFeature: onEachFeature }).addTo(map); } //puts map geographical data in same order as map information data function syncData(dandata, statedata){ var newlist = [] for(i=0; i < dandata.length; i++){ var x = 0 while(statedata.features[x].properties.name != dandata[i].State){ x++ } newlist.push(statedata.features[x]) } return newlist; } // get colors from JSON data function getColor(d) { var i = 0; while (d != dandata[i].State){ i++ } return dandata[i].fill; } //new state colors for filter buttons function reColor(d) { var i = 0; while (d != dandata[i].State){ i++ } if(buttonpushed == "cloud"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].cloud }else if(buttonpushed == "collection"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datacollection }else if(buttonpushed == "sharing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datasharing }else if(buttonpushed == "marketing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].marketing }else{ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].transparency } var fill = dandata[i].fill; if (fieldvalue == "x"){ return dandata[i].fill; }else{ return "#6B6B73"; } } function getLineColor(d){ var i = 0; while (d != dandata[i].State){ i++ } if(buttonpushed == "cloud"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].cloud }else if(buttonpushed == "collection"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datacollection }else if(buttonpushed == "sharing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datasharing }else if(buttonpushed == "marketing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].marketing }else{ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].transparency } if(fieldvalue != "x"){ return "white"; }else{ return "yellow"; } } function setWeight(d){ var i = 0; while (d != dandata[i].State){ i++ } if(buttonpushed == "cloud"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].cloud }else if(buttonpushed == "collection"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datacollection }else if(buttonpushed == "sharing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datasharing }else if(buttonpushed == "marketing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].marketing }else{ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].transparency } if(fieldvalue != "x"){ return 2; }else{ return 4; } } function setDash(d){ var i = 0; while (d != dandata[i].State){ i++ } if(buttonpushed == "cloud"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].cloud }else if(buttonpushed == "collection"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datacollection }else if(buttonpushed == "sharing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].datasharing }else if(buttonpushed == "marketing"){ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].marketing }else{ var fieldvalue = dandata[i].transparency } if(fieldvalue != "x"){ return '3'; }else{ return ''; } } function style(feature) { return { weight: 2, opacity: 1, color: 'white', dashArray: '3', fillOpacity: 0.6, fillColor: getColor(feature.properties.name) }; } function restyle(feature) { return { weight: setWeight(feature.properties.name), opacity: 1, color: getLineColor(feature.properties.name), dashArray: setDash(feature.properties.name), fillOpacity: 0.9, fillColor: reColor(feature.properties.name), }; } function highlightFeature(e) { icons = [] var layer = e.target; var panel = document.getElementsByClassName("upright"); if (layer.feature.properties.name != null){ panel[0].style.visibility = "visible"; layer.setStyle({ weight: 5, color: 'yellow', dashArray: '', fillOpacity: 0.7 }); displayIcons(e) } function displayIcons(e){ var i = 0; while (layer.feature.properties.name != dandata[i].State){ i++ } if (!L.Browser.ie && !L.Browser.opera) { layer.bringToFront(); } if(dandata[i].cloud == "x"){ icons.push(cloudicon) }else{ icons.push(" ") } if(dandata[i].marketing == "x"){ icons.push(marketingicon) }else{ icons.push(" ") } if(dandata[i].datasharing == "x"){ icons.push(sharingicon) }else{ icons.push(" ") } if(dandata[i].transparency == "x"){ icons.push(transparencyicon) }else{ icons.push(" ") } if(dandata[i].datacollection == "x"){ icons.push(collectionicon) }else{ icons.push(" ") } info.update(dandata[i].State,icons ); } } function displayInfo(e) { document.getElementById("billinfo").style.display="block"; var layer = e.target; var i = 0; while (layer.feature.properties.name != dandata[i].State){ i++ } billPanel(dandata[i].State); displayIcons(e) } var geojson; function resetHighlight(e) { geojson.resetStyle(e.target); var panel = document.getElementsByClassName("upright"); panel[0].style.visibility = "hidden"; info.update(); } function zoomToFeature(e) { map.fitBounds(e.target.getBounds()); } function onEachFeature(feature, layer) { layer.on({ mouseover: highlightFeature, mouseout: resetHighlight, click: displayInfo }); } geojson = L.geoJson(statesData, { style: style, onEachFeature: onEachFeature }).addTo(map); map.attributionControl.addAttribution('Population data © US Census Bureau'); var legend = L.control({position: 'bottomright'}); legend.onAdd = function (map) { var div = L.DomUtil.create('div', 'info legend'), labels = []; // labels.push(' ' + "Bill"); // labels.push(' ' + "Bill Defeated"); // labels.push(' ' + "State Law"); // labels.push(' ' + "Federal Law"); div.innerHTML = labels.join('
'); return div; }; legend.addTo(map); document.getElementById("billinfo").style.display="none"; function closeModal() { document.getElementById("billinfo").style.display="none"; // document.getElementById("state").style.visibility="hidden"; // document.getElementById("bill").style.visibility="hidden"; // document.getElementById("law").style.visibility="hidden"; // document.getElementById("statecontent").style.visibility="hidden"; }

PODCAST: Tip your hotel workers

Marketplace - American Public Media - Mon, 2014-09-15 03:00

Federal Reserve policymakers won't raise interest rates at their meeting this week, but they may offer clues about when. More on that. Plus, if you are checking out of a Marriott hotel this week, you might see for the first time an envelope inviting you to leave a tip for the housekeeper. The company is adding the envelopes to 160,000 rooms in the US and Canada to remind guests that even though they might not see the person who cleans their room, that doesn't mean they shouldn't tip. And about 10 minutes after many of us threw out our entire collections of vinyl records, the digital generation went out and bought a turnable. We look into the rise in popularity of the vinyl record.

Pardew has owner Ashley's backing

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 02:59
Manager Alan Pardew retains the support of Newcastle owner Mike Ashley despite Saturday's 4-0 loss at Southampton.

Leaders Meet In Paris To Forge Fight Against Islamic State Militants

NPR News - Mon, 2014-09-15 02:57

Representatives from more than 20 countries have gathered in the French capital to form a coalition to defeat the insurgency.

» E-Mail This

Firefighters tackle steading blaze

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 02:56
Firefighters are called out to tackle a major farm blaze in Fyvie, Aberdeenshire, overnight.

VIDEO: Key moments of the Indyref campaign

BBC - Mon, 2014-09-15 02:37
Adam Fleming visits a tapestry recalling Scottish history to look back at key moments in the independence campaign.
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