National / International News

Tories and SNP 'in race to bottom'

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 10:55
Scottish independence and a Tory win at the next UK election would force the country into a "race to the bottom", Labour leader Ed Miliband says.

Can Europe Wean Itself Off Russian Gas?

NPR News - Fri, 2014-03-21 10:50

Europe has been trying to reduce its energy dependence on Russia for years. The crisis in Crimea has given the effort a greater sense of urgency.

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Europe should control army says MSP

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 10:46
Sovereignty over defence should be removed from nation states and handed to a European defence force, a Labour MSP says.

Van Persie out for up to six weeks

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 10:34
Manchester United striker Robin van Persie is ruled out for between four and six weeks with a knee injury.

Reports: FBI Agent Who Killed Chechen During Boston Bombing Probe Is Cleared

NPR News - Fri, 2014-03-21 10:32

Twenty-seven-year-old Ibragim Todashev was killed while being questioned by agents in his Orlando home about his friendship with suspected Boston Marathon bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev.

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Coming up with a billion dollar ad campaign? Priceless.

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2014-03-21 10:22

Kevin Allen is a ‘pitchman.’ In his three decades in advertising, the bulk of which were spent with McCann Erickson, Allen assembled teams that created countless campaigns. But it was one slogan for one account that changed his life and had a strangely profound impact on American culture.

The first commercial aired during the 1997 World Series. It featured a father and a son attending a Major League Baseball game and the sound of Billy Crudup’s voice nostalgically reading:

Two tickets: $46

Two hot dogs, two popcorns, two sodas: $27

One autographed baseball: $50

Real conversation with 11-year-old son: Priceless.

Video of Mastercard baseball commercial

The structure, capped off with that one word - "priceless" – struck a nerve. It was suddenly emblazoned on t-shirts, used in campaign commercials and spoofed on TV. And it's stuck around for 17 years. It not only helped solidify Allen's reputation in the ad world, it helped him finally answer a question that had been nagging him for years:

“When I was coming up in the business, my mom would call me up every so often and say, ‘So, Kevin. What is it you do?’ And I know what it was. She was talking to my neighbor whose son was a doctor, and mom couldn’t have any bragging rights. When I was able to say 'I was part of creating the ‘Priceless’ campaign for MasterCard' – of course she tells everybody I wrote it, I produced it, I acted in it – you know, it’s life-changing.”

Allen says he and his partner knew they had something big when they came up with the idea, but it wasn’t until they were in the pitch review session that they sensed just how big:

“It’s very, very rare that you present something in the pitch room that ends up on air. I think it’s happened to me only a couple of times in my career. It was probably one of the longest reviews in a long time – it was about six months – and everybody knew it would change the lives of everyone who was involved in it. And it came down to two of us. And when we pitched the idea, (my partner) leaned over to me and said, ‘I hope we don’t mess this up.’ We all knew there was something profoundly special about this idea, but no one knew that it would go as far as it went. It’s still in dozens and dozens of countries around the world.”

Allen says the industry has changed a lot since he first started in the biz. Advertisers are losing more and more control:

 “I would call the old days the supply economy. It was a nice, neat, little world where we controlled everything. Back when I was a young account executive I would monitor what were called Out Of Stocks or OOS. And that meant if a product was out of stock in Cleveland I turned the advertising off. As soon as it went back on the shelf again, on went the advertising and everything flies off the shelf. And when I tell those stories now to young marketers they giggle and say, ‘you gotta be kidding me.’

Why do the young advertisers laugh?

"And it’s because of this ultimate democratization that has occurred in general as a result of technology and the internet. You know, the customer is firmly in charge, and they’ll tell us so."

 

Kevin Allen's new book about starting his career in advertising and what he learned as he moved up is called "The Case of the Missing Cutlery: A Leadership Course for the Rising Star.

England must win T20 opener - Broad

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:56
England captain Stuart Broad says winning their opening World T20 game with New Zealand on Saturday is "non-negotiable".

How Your Love Of Burgers May Be Helping To Drive Wildlife Extinct

NPR News - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:43

Many meat-eating animal lovers may not realize that their hankering for hamburgers hurts wildlife. A conservation group says some species have already been driven extinct by the livestock industry.

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Houdini, debt, and dandelions

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:42

Here’s a look at what’s coming up next week (March 24 - 28):

Let’s start things off with some magic. Harry Houdini was born on March 24th, 1874. Not an easy guy to lock up. Internet sources say he showed soldiers how to escape from German handcuffs during World War I.

On Tuesday—lots of stuff to talk about. The House Financial Services Committee is scheduled to discuss “Why Debt Matters.”

The Conference Board releases its monthly Consumer Confidence Index.

They had lots of confidence. The TV series “Cagney and Lacey” premiered in 1982. The crime drama shook up the norm, placing two female detectives in lead roles.

And feminist and “Ms Magazine” founder Gloria Steinem turns 80.

Mid-week the Commerce Department reports on durable goods orders for February.

On March 27th, 2006 Graceland, home to Elvis Presley, was declared a national historic landmark. And sixteen years ago on the same date the FDA approved Viagra.

Finally now that we’re a week into spring, gardening may be on your to-do list. Well, March 28th is Weed Appreciation Day. Did you know that some weeds are edible? We here at Datebook headquarters say pull those ugly dandelions. 

You can live the Datebook lifestyle at marketplace.org/Datebook.

First UK genital mutilation charges

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:42
The first UK prosecutions over female genital mutilation are announced by the Crown Prosecution Service.

The Loop: Awkward sneezing

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:28
Welcome to the Loop, the Magazine's weekly letters column, including the best of your thoughts on Twitter and Facebook.

10 things we didn't know last week

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:24
Having a cuckoo in the nest improves crow survival rates, and more nuggets from the week's news.

NI angler dies in lake accident

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:23
A man from Northern Ireland, who was on a fishing trip, dies after being rescued from a lake in the Republic of Ireland.

Parents 'sexually abused children'

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:12
Four children suffered horrific sexual abuse, neglect and cruelty by their parents, two uncles and two other men, a Belfast court is told.

India thrash Pakistan in World T20

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:06
India beat Pakistan by seven wickets in the first match of the Super 10 phase at the ICC World Twenty20 in Mirpur.

A raise in minimum wage

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:05

In one of his weekly addresses earlier this year, President Obama asked that the public put pressure on Congress to “give America a raise.”

The President would like to see the federal minimum wage raised to $10.10 an hour, a nearly $3 an hour from the current $7.25,  that would take a full-time worker from making roughly $15,000 annually to over $20,000.

Tsedeye Gebreselassie, a staff attorney at the National Employment Law Project, says while that may not seem like a lot of money, it can make a big difference.  

“$20,000 a year is still not a princely sum, but it’s a significant increase for the roughly 28 million workers who will benefit,” Gebreselassie says.

And Gebreselassie argues that it isn’t just individual workers who benefit from the wage hike. The economy could benefit, too.

“When you put more money into the pockets of low-income workers, they’re going to go out there and spend it immediately because they have to on basic necessities like food [and] clothing. And that helps local businesses that rely on that business to stay afloat,” she says.

John Arensmeyer, founder and CEO of the Small Business Majority, supports the hike. He says that the increase in pay would directly benefit small businesses along with the rest of the economy.

“[Raising the minimum wage] would ensure that there’s more money in our economy so that people can buy small business products and services. It’s the old Henry Ford adage.  He wanted to pay his employees enough so that they could buy his cars,” Arensmeyer says.

In a poll conducted by the Small Business Majority, 57% of small business owners said that they supported an increase to the federal minimum wage to $10.10 an hour, with 82% reporting that they already pay more than the minimum wage.

Arensmeyer says that there is no real evidence that raising the minimum wage would decrease the number in jobs, but that studies do show that increasing the minimum wage would put billions of dollars into the economy and reduce the need for public assistance.

“In order to maintain a thriving middle-class based economy, you have to have money circulating through the economy and you have to pay people enough so that they can buy products and services,” Arensmeyer says.

Not all small business advocacy groups agree with Arensmeyer on the proposed minimum wage hike, including the National Federation of Independent Business. We reached out to the NFIB for comment, but as of now, they haven't responded. This page will be updated to reflect their response if they do so.

Life as an east European migrant

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:04
How many Romanian and Bulgarians have come to the UK?

Here comes the flood

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:03
Why concerns about climate change are nothing new

Garden searched over missing teen

BBC - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:00
Police investigating the disappearance of a 19-year-old woman from Dunfermline search a house and garden in Kilmarnock.

A glossary of tax evasion

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2014-03-21 09:00

Caterpillar Inc, an American company specializing in the design and sale of construction equipment and machinery, will appear before the Senate next month, according to Bloomberg News. A Senate committee will call Caterpillar as part of its investigation of possible tax evasion by multinationals like Apple. Caterpillar is under the spotlight because it was the subject of a lawsuit in 2009, in which the company was accused by a former employee of dodging US taxes by setting up shell companies in Switzerland and Bermuda. Little evidence exists that Caterpillar did this; the original lawsuit in 2009 was settled, and Caterpillar denied the charges.

Multinationals can (and do) set up subsidiary companies in countries which have relaxed tax laws to avoid paying taxes within the U.S. Over time, the complicated maneuvers that multinations indulge in to wriggle free of the taxman's grasp have picked up nicknames that sound like the special menu in a deli: 

- A Shell Company: no, this isn't the company Cally set up to sell seashells by the seashore. A shell company has no operations or significant assets, and as such, is an empty vessel or "shell." A parent company can assign nominal responibilities to it with a pen stroke, and even though nothing actually happens at the subsidiary, the parent company can use it as a store or a conduit for funds.

A [country name] structure: Quite simply, the name of the country in which the shell company or other scam is created. Caterpillar was accused of setting up companies in Switzerland and Bermuda, known as a Swiss structure and a Bermuda structure. If they had set up in the Caymans, they would have called it a Cayman structure.

- A Double Irish: the case when two Irish subsidiary companies are set up by a U.S. entity. A Double Irish is a tortuous but profitable structure, through which money flows like soda through a crazy straw. It takes advantage of loopholes in Irish tax law that do not tax transfer pricing or the assets of subsidiary companies.

- A Dutch Sandwich: An embellishment to the Double Irish: add an additional shell company in the Netherlands, which acts as a middle step between the two Irish entities, and you get ... something that sounds tastier than it actually is. 

So the next time you order lunch in Bermuda, why not try a shell in a double Irish with a Dutch sandwich? Add in a Swiss structure on the side -- and tell us what you get in return. 

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