National News

Surgeon, Mom, Republican — But Conservative Enough?

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 09:47

Neurosurgeon Monica Wehby, who's running for U.S. Senate in Oregon, has captured the imagination of the Republican establishment. But social conservatives are critical of her position on abortion.

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Broken windows, busted real estate market

Marketplace - American Public Media - Wed, 2014-05-07 09:25

Building inspector Derrick McCall spends much of his day in a noisy city truck making his way through a list of 25,000 vacant properties in Philadelphia.

He’s part of a novel new program that seeks to get landlords to do something about the city’s vacant buildings, and make the city money at the same time. His goal: to make sure every vacant home in Philadelphia has working doors and windows.

“I’ll go by a property to see the condition, to see if it has boarded doors and windows, and attempt to bring it to compliance,” said McCall, a burly man who drives a gurgling city truck through some of Philadelphia’s toughest areas.

If McCall does find a home with boarded-up doors and windows, he’ll staple a bright pink poster on the door, informing the owner that the building is in violation of a law that prohibits boarded-up doors and windows. The fine: $300 per opening, per day. Owners must go to Blight Court to fight the fine.

Building inspector Derrick McCall pauses at a home in Philadelphia after citing it for doors and windows violations and posting a pink poster on the door to inform the owners. 

Alana Semuels

The idea: force building owners to fix up their homes and make them habitable, or sell them to someone who will.

“We can make them do something now,” said Rebecca Swanson, who runs the city’s vacant property strategy. “If we can catch them now, we can get to the point where we can save it from being something that falls into disrepair.”

The city came up with the strategy after realizing it was spending millions a year on tearing down blighted properties, but that newly decrepit homes seemed to be popping up every year. And it was costing a lot to tear down the homes – around $15,000 each, a big deal in a city constantly strapped for cash.

The initial goal of the strategy was to prevent homes from falling into disrepair, but other benefits have emerged, Swanson said. After spending the money to fix the doors and windows, landlords are deciding to spend an extra bit of money so they can fix their properties enough to rent them out. All those permits for fixing their homes and renting them out make the city money.

The city points to the neighborhood of Francisville, now bustling with new development, as an example of a place where the city’s strategy has led to a makeover for an entire area.

“We found all these tangential benefits as we’ve gone along,” Swanson said.  “Increased tax collection, improved neighborhoods, getting more revenues through licensing and permits.”

A study by the Reinvestment Fund, a group that finances neighborhood revitalization, found that the strategy led to a 31 percent increase in home prices in the neighborhoods targeted by the city. Comparable neighborhoods saw home prices rise just 1 percent.

Philadelphia has many row houses, so decay in one house can affect another quickly and bring down property values.

Alana Semuels

“Essentially, if you’re smart and you’re targeted and you’re focused, and you send a very clear market signal that blighting properties are not going to be tolerated in a place,” said Ira Goldstein, who authored the study.

Before, Goldstein said, there was a perception in Philadelphia that landlords could hang onto vacant buildings for a long time, and that the city wouldn’t do anything about them. That perception has now changed because of the enforcement strategy, he said.

But there are still some owners that the city can’t reach. Though it used a database also used by the IRS, it hasn’t been able to find all of the property owners who own vacant homes in the city. That’s why the home next to James Culler is falling into disrepair, even though he’s called and complained many times.

Philadelphia has started enforcing a law that would fine the owners of buildings like this one $300 for each boarded-up door or window in an effort to get owners to fix up the buildings. 

Alana Semuels

As Derrick McCall walks up the rickety concrete steps to inspect the home, Culler sticks his head out of his door and asks if the city is finally doing something about the house that’s attached to his.  Vagrants keep breaking in and he’s worried they’ll burn the place down.

“My wife done called a couple of times, ain’t nobody respond,” Culler said to McCall.

“It is in the system, to try and get the owners to repair the doors and windows,” McCall assures him. “It’s a slow process, but it does work.”

It’s a lesson other cities, like Detroit and Buffalo that have thousands of vacant properties to deal with: cleaning up blight takes time. But it does work.  Eventually. 

A Symbol Of Syria's Uprising, Homs Reverts To Assad's Control

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 09:20

More than 1,000 rebel fighters in the central city began leaving Wednesday under terms of a conditional surrender.

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Move Over Chickens, Here's Something Duckier For The Backyard

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 08:41

A small but growing number of people are discovering the joys of raising ducks. They say the nutritional and agricultural benefits of the eggs outweigh the cost of feeding the birds.

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DEA Raids Target Synthetic Drugs' Makers And Sellers

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 08:32

Federal agents acted on hundreds of warrants Wednesday, in an operation that included at least 25 states.

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Dove tops list of mothers' 10 favorite brands

Marketplace - American Public Media - Wed, 2014-05-07 08:22

Just in time for Mother's Day, research organization YouGov has found that American mothers perceive Dove as the best brand, according to their BrandIndex report. The soap and beauty product maker tops a list of mothers' favorite brands despite backlash to the company's "Real Beauty" ad campaign that went viral in the past few months.

In it's press release, YouGov even speculates that the "Real Beauty" campaign and its "highly-viral" nature is what propelled Dove into the top spot.

This is the second year YouGov has tracked brand perception among American mothers, and the first year Dove made it in to the top 10. Joining Dove on the list are brands like Johnson & Johnson, Amazon, Cheerios and Samsung.

YouGov also mentions that, while they didn't crack the top 10, brands like Facebook and Victoria's Secret saw the greatest gains in perception compared to last year. Pillsbury and Discovery Channel, on the other hand, fell out of the top brands.

YouGov on their survey methods:

YouGov BrandIndex filtered their entire 1,250+ brand universe for respondents who identified themselves as women over the age of 18 with children under 18 years old. The firm then ranked them using their flagship Index score, which measures brand health by averaging sub-scores on quality, satisfaction, impression, value, reputation and willingness to recommend. The scores reflect surveying over the past 30 days.

See the full list in the graphic below.

Keep your eyes on the ball: The NFL draft starts

Marketplace - American Public Media - Wed, 2014-05-07 08:19

From the Marketplace Datebook, here's a look at what's coming up Thursday, May 8:

In Washington, a Senate subcommittee on tourism discusses a plan to attract 100 million international visitors to the U.S. annually by the end of 2021.

In New York, the first round of the NFL draft takes place.

And across the country, are consumers shopping? Chain stores are scheduled to report April sales.

We spent a lot of time with her in "Little House on the Prairie." Actress Melissa Gilbert turns 50.

And it's the 69th anniversary of Victory in Europe Day, commemorating the surrender of Germany to Allied forces.

Stanford University Says No To Coal Investments

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 07:16

Reflecting students' wishes, the decision by Stanford's trustees to divest from coal-mining companies cites alternate energy sources that emit less greenhouse gases.

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Marketplace - American Public Media - Wed, 2014-05-07 07:11

Alibaba, the online commerce giant of China, has filed the paperwork to trade its stock in the United States. Regulators will now comb through more than 2000 pages of Alibaba documents. If the IPO moves forward it could be valued at $100 billion, six times the value of Facebook when it hit the public market two years ago. The BBC's chief business correspondent Linda Yueh joined us to discuss.

So, how long does it take you to watch all those programs you DVR? You might not care if you wait a day or two, but you know who does? Network executives and advertisers. That's because ad deals are based on what's known as C3, a measurement of commercial minutes seen live and over the following three days. Advertisers don't pay for your eyeballs if you watch "Scandal" on day four.

It's just over a year since a clothing factory collapsed in Bangladesh, which caused the death of more than 1,000 people. The complex tragedy has brought some changes to safety conditions in places that may have manufactured many kinds of affordable clothing Americans buy and wear, but what has gotten less attention is a change in the law that lets employees form a union without the permission of their employer.


Brunei's Shariah Law Spurs Boycott Of Beverly Hills Hotel

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 06:43

The Beverly Hills City Council voted Tuesday to ask Brunei's government to divest itself of the famed luxury hotel. Brunei's harsh new laws have made its hotels a target of celebrity boycotts.

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Reported $147 Million Home Price Would Set New U.S. Record

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 06:07

The stock market has been on a winning streak of late. How else to explain three homes that each reportedly sold for more than $100 million in the past three months?

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Nation's Report Card Shows Stagnant Scores For Reading, Math

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 06:01

The latest National Assessment of Educational Progress shows high school seniors testing no better than the Class of 2009.

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Employers Eye Moving Sickest Workers To Insurance Exchanges

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 05:36

Since most big corporations are self-insured, shifting even one high-cost employee out of the company plan could save the employer hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.

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The struggles to unionize workers in Bangladesh

Marketplace - American Public Media - Wed, 2014-05-07 04:27

It's just over a year since a clothing factory collapsed in Bangladesh, which caused the death of more than 1,000 people.  

The complex tragedy has brought some changes to safety conditions in places that may have manufactured many kinds of affordable clothing Americans buy and wear, but what has gotten less attention is a change in the law that lets employees form a union without the permission of their employer.

Nomita Nath is a labor organizer in Bangladesh on a visit to the U.S. organized by the International Labor Rights Forum in Washington. She started working in a garment factory when she was 12-years-old.

"They used to make us work until 10 o'clock at night. If production wasn't finished, they'd make us work overtime without any overtime pay. There wasn't any clean drinking water. The management used to hit the women for little things -- if they said anything, if they asked any questions," - Nomita Nath 

Pressing for unions is never easy, and it's made tougher still by what Nath describes as a simple tactic -- employers can tell employees to sign a blank piece of paper. And that signature, Nath says, becomes a form of control.   

"By signing the paper, it allows managers to write things on that piece of paper that will hold us guilty. They'll write things like, we've stolen something or we've broken something -- anything can be written on top of our signature."

Nomita Nath is a labor organizer in Bangladesh. She joined Marketplace Morning Report host David Brancaccio with her translator Monna Khan. 

Report Details Hundreds Of Complaints Against U.S. Border Agents

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 04:03

The complaints include accusations that agents kicked a pregnant woman, stomped on a man and physically forced a minor to sign a document. A fraction of them resulted in disciplinary action.

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Democrats Play Wait-And-See On Benghazi Panel

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 03:03

Despite a call from some to boycott the GOP's newest Benghazi probe, Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and other Democrats aren't going that far — yet.

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Draw My Left! No, No, My Other Left! A Hidden Bias In Art History Revealed

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 03:03

Why is it that in thousands of portraits done all over the world, artists emphasize the left side of the subject's face? There's a bias here, and it's hiding in our brains.

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Thai Court Removes Prime Minister Yingluck From Office

NPR News - Wed, 2014-05-07 03:02

Saying Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra had violated Thailand's constitution, the Constitutional Court ousted the caretaker leader Wednesday, along with nine ministers.

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